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L'homme et l'animal domestique à Pompéi (IIe siècle av. J-C - 9 ap. J.-C.) : essai d'histoire culturelle

Abstract : This thesis identifies the species belonging to the family of domestic animals in the area buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 A. D. and investigates their relationships with humans in the Hellenistic and Roman periods. It lies at the crossroads of several disciplines, including history, archaeology, ethnology and anthropology, and draws on varied sources (archeozoology, epigraphy, iconography, literature) so as to assess the roles of domestic animals in society.This work explores the ways in which humans handle cohabitation with animals (which may be sources of nuisance) and the strategies they use to ensure their domestication, by examining breeding structures and considering the distribution ofanimals in anthropized areas (in the domus or in cities, for example). The approaches to animals vary according to the areas and the subjects involved. Besides playing a major role in the economy thanks to the raw materials they supplyand acting as auxiliaries in artisanal activities, animals may serve as companions, or as symbols of social prestige. The ways in which animals are represented, perceived and integrated into both public and private spheres are put under scrutiny.Domestic animals and their relationships with the population are a key to understanding Roman attitudes and values and to documenting a part of the cultural history of the Pompeii area
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Noémie Gautier. L'homme et l'animal domestique à Pompéi (IIe siècle av. J-C - 9 ap. J.-C.) : essai d'histoire culturelle. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Rennes 2, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018REN20005⟩. ⟨tel-01877556⟩

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