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Theses

Suivi longitudinal des endoprothèses coronaires par analyse de séquences d'images de tomographie par cohérence optique.

Abstract : This thesis deals with the segmentation and characterization of coronary arteries and stents in Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) imaging. OCT is a very high resolution imaging that can appreciate fine structures such as the intimal layer of the vascular wall and stitches (struts). The objective of this thesis is to propose software tools allowing the automatic analysis of an examination with a runtime compatible with an intraoperative use. This work follows Dubuisson's thesis in OCT, which proposed a first formalism for light segmentation and strut detection for metal stents. We revisited the treatment chain for these two problems and proposed a preliminary method for detecting bioabsorbable polymer stents. Surface modeling of the stent made it possible to estimate a series of clinical indices from the diameters, surfaces and volumes measured on each section or on the entire examination. Applying the stent to the wall is also measured and visualized in 3D with an intuitive color scale. The arterial lumen is delineated using a Fast Marching short path search algorithm. Its originality is to exploit the image in the native helical form of the acquisition. For the detection of the metallic stent, the local maxima of the image followed by a shadow zone have been detected and characterized by a vector of attributes calculated in their neighborhood (relative value of the maximum, slope in gray level, symmetry ...). Peaks corresponding to struts were discriminated from the surrounding speckle by a logistic regression step with learning from a field truth constructed by an expert. A probability of belonging to the peaks to struts is constructed from the combination of attributes obtained. The originality of the method lies in the fusion of the probabilities of the close elements before applying a decision criterion also determined from the ground truth. The method was evaluated on a database of 14 complete examinations, both at the level of pixels and struts detected. We have also extensively validated a method of non-rigid registration of OCT images using bitters matched by an expert on the source and target exams. The objective of this registration is to be able to compare cut-to-cut examinations and indices calculated at the same positions at different acquisition times. The reliability of the strain model was evaluated on a corpus of forty-four pairs of OCT exams from a Leave-One-Out cross validation technique.
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Pierre-Yves Menguy. Suivi longitudinal des endoprothèses coronaires par analyse de séquences d'images de tomographie par cohérence optique.. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016CLF1MM30⟩. ⟨tel-01877208⟩

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