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Activité physique, sédentarité, inégalités sociales, surpoids et obésité à l’adolescence : contribution de PRALIMAP et PRALIMAP-INÈS, recherches interventionnelles en milieu scolaire

Abstract : Background: Among adolescents, social differences in physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) are seldom explained. Proportionate universal interventions aimed at reducing social inequalities among overweight adolescents are uncommon. Objectives: To explore correlations between PA, SB, social, family and school-related factors among adolescents. Four research topics were elaborated: identifying factors associated with PA and SB, analysing socially less-advantaged overweight adolescents’ participation in a proportionate universal school intervention, analysing adolescents' perceptions of their PA practice, and evaluating the effectiveness of this intervention. Methods: This work is the result of two trials in the school setting: (PRomotion de l'ALIMentation et de l'Activité Physique) and PRALIMAP-INÈS (INÈgalité de Santé). The International PA Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used to measure PA and SB. Social status was defined according to socio-professional categories and the family affluence scale (FAS). Data on perceptions was collected from individual interviews. Individual interviews allowed data collection of perceptions. Logistic regressions were also carried out. Results: PA was dependent on social, family and school-related characteristics. Total energy expenditure was not sufficient to identify social differences in PA. The perceived barriers to PA practice were mostly individual and were different according to social status and gender. The proportionate universal intervention in schools successfully engaged these adolescents and reduced social inequalities related to PA. Conclusion: This work emphasises the importance of implementing specific activities in PA for socially less advantaged overweight adolescents
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 18, 2018 - 3:52:09 PM
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Johanne Langlois. Activité physique, sédentarité, inégalités sociales, surpoids et obésité à l’adolescence : contribution de PRALIMAP et PRALIMAP-INÈS, recherches interventionnelles en milieu scolaire. Santé publique et épidémiologie. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0341⟩. ⟨tel-01876631⟩

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