Diffusion multiple et retournement temporel des ondes ultrasonores dans les milieux granulaires secs et immergés

Abstract : : Time reversal (TR) is a technique which gives the possibility to make a wave relive its life in reverse chronology, and to focus back to its source. In this thesis, TR of ultrasound in granular media has been investigated experimentally and numerically. By propagating from grain to grain, ultrasounds provide a unique probe of the heterogeneous 3D contact network. We show that for multiply scattered waves, the focusing is essentially robust but sensitive to displacements of grains on a scale much smaller than the wavelength. In this respect, the ultrasound propagation through the discrete and metastable contact network between the grains appears to represent an intermediary situation between the instability in the propagation of a particle in a Lorentz gas and the propagation of ultrasounds in an homogeneous medium filled with scatterers. When the source amplitude is increased, a non-linear regime is reached where the wave itself triggers rearrangements in the medium, thus degrading the quality of the TR focusing. In this regime, the wave acts not only as a probe, but also as a « pump ». Finally, we show that the TR of a small-amplitude multiply-scattered wave can be used to focus a high-amplitude wave in the medium and trigger in a controlled way irreversible rearrangements of the contact network. These results are supported by a vectorial numerical model based on a 2D percolated masses-springs network.
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Maxime Harazi. Diffusion multiple et retournement temporel des ondes ultrasonores dans les milieux granulaires secs et immergés. Acoustique [physics.class-ph]. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCC024⟩. ⟨tel-01876079⟩

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