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Détecteurs thermiques non refroidis en YBaCuO semi-conducteur pour l'imagerie infrarouge et térahertz

Abstract : In this manuscript, we are presenting the development of uncooled thermal sensors of the pyroelectric type, based on thin films of amorphous YBaCuO semiconductor, for applications in terahertz and infrared imaging. In a first part, we discuss the composition and optical properties of the YBaCuO semiconducting films. By X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, we show the existence of a mixture of several phases and deduce the composition of the YBaCuO surface contamination layer; by ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy, we determine the YBaCuO work function. By optical spectroscopy, we then extract the refractive index and the absorption coefficient over a range of wavelengths spanning from ultraviolet to the near infrared. We also determine the values of optical gaps that we have correlated with the granular structure of the YBaCuO films at the micro and nanoscales. In a second part, we study the electrical transport behavior and optical response of pyroelectric detectors made from these amorphous YBaCuO thin films. The electrical contact between YBaCuO and the metal connections can be ohmic as well as rectifying. Resistivity measurements as a function of temperature show that the electric conduction is preferentially dominated by variable distance hopping of the carriers around the Fermi level. The response of the sensors in the near infrared - as a function of the modulation frequency of the source - reveal at room temperature a band-pass type behavior attributed to the pyroelectric effect, which could be interpreted by an analytical model. The device performance in terms of detectivity (1E9 cm.Hz^0.5/W) and time constant (a few microseconds) are at the state of the art.
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Xavier Galiano. Détecteurs thermiques non refroidis en YBaCuO semi-conducteur pour l'imagerie infrarouge et térahertz. Electronique. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066633⟩. ⟨tel-01874925⟩

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