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Approche écosystémique de la qualité des relations gémellaires et des pratiques éducatives parentales : étude de 71 familles composées d'enfants jumeaux âgés de 3 à 5 ans

Abstract : The aim of this research is to understand how the twin relationship is developed at the age between 3 and 5 years old as well as to evaluate the parental educational. We raised a mixed approach. 66 families have participated at the quantitative approach. The quality of relationship and the parental educational practices have been evaluated by the parents and they have filled « Pratiques Educatives Parentales et Relations Gémellaires » (Lamarque, Troupel & Zaouche Gaudron, 2014) and the « Echelle des Compétences Educatives Parentales » (Terrisse & Larose, 2009). In order to evaluate the children’s temperament, parents have filled « Emotionality, Activity, and Sociability Temperament Survey » (Buss & Plomin, 1984). Through « Sibling Inventory of Behavior-Expanded Version » (Anderson & Rice, 1992) and the subscale of « Questionnaire des Relations Fraternelles » (Troupel, 2006) we could evaluate the children’s representations of the quality of the twin relationship. Also, the « Sibling Inventory of Differential Experience » (Daniels & Plomin, 1985) abled us to examine the differential parental treatment. The sample of the qualitative approach consists in 5 families met 3 times at the same year. We conducted interview with mothers and fathers. The « Systemic Analysis of Group Affiliation » (Compagnone, 2009) has been used with the children. The results show that twin relationships are composed by warm and conflict. The differentiation between the children can be understood as fragility or as a continuum. Parents use mostly « gémellisantes » practices imposed by the context or promoted by their children. We can observe a break in the educational practices of the parents by the age of 4 years as well as new original practices based on equity. Unexpectedly, it seems that monozygotic and dizygotic twins and genders are not involved in twin relationship and educational practices of their parents. On the contrary, our research reveals the importance of the temperament.
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Marie Lamarque. Approche écosystémique de la qualité des relations gémellaires et des pratiques éducatives parentales : étude de 71 familles composées d'enfants jumeaux âgés de 3 à 5 ans. Psychologie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016TOU20061⟩. ⟨tel-01873491⟩

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