Transition metal-catalyzed reactions : mechanistic studies and methodology developments

Abstract : In this thesis, the mechanism of three organic reactions catalyzed by palladium and copper complexes has been elucidated by the use of both experimental and theoretical methods. The first reaction is the synthesis of amides from haloarenes, isocyanides and water as an example of the broad family of palladium-catalyzed imidoylative couplings. Multiple roles of the isocyanide as both a ligand and a substrate in the different steps of the catalytic cycle have been disclosed. The second transformation is the palladium-catalyzed ring opening of benzofurans leading to indoles. Optimal conditions for this transformation have been found and the key aspects of its mechanism clarified. The last reaction, which is the main topic of this thesis, is the addition of amines to allenes catalyzed by copper salts (hydroamination). A characterization of the catalytically active copper(I) species and insight from theoretical calculations suggested how to extend this reaction to other substrates (allenamides, N-allenylazoles, N-allenylsulfonamides) under mild and efficient conditions.
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Luca Alessandro Perego. Transition metal-catalyzed reactions : mechanistic studies and methodology developments. Analytical chemistry. PSL Research University, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018PSLEE003⟩. ⟨tel-01872957⟩

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