Réseaux de capteurs sans fil pour l’observation du climat et de la biologie dans une région tropicale d’agriculture intensive : méthodes, outils et applications pour le cas du Delta du Mékong, Vietnam

Abstract : Climate changes bring problems related to nature evolutions. Global warming has an impact on sea level, weather patterns, and wild life. A number of national and international organizations are developing research programs in these directions, including threats on cultures and insect proliferation. Monitoring these phenomena, observing consequences, elaborating counteracted strategies are critical for the economy and society.The initial motivation of this work was the understanding of change impacts in the Mekong Delta region. From there, automatic observation tools were designed with a real time information system able to integrate environmental measures, then to support knowledge production.Tracking environment evolutions is distributed sensing, which can be the association of efficient sensors and radio communications, operated under the control of an information system. Sensing insects is very complex due to their diversity and dispersion. However, this is feasible in the case of intensive agricultural production as it is the case of rice, having a small number of pests. An automatic vision observatory is proposed to observe the main threats for the rice, as an evolution of manual light traps. Radio communication weaves these observatories into a network with connection to databases storing measures and possible counteractions. An example observatory has a fisheye camera and insect counting algorithms for the BPH practical case in Vietnam.By considering the observation system as an input for an abstract machine, and considering decision and actions taken as a possible control on the environment, we obtain a framework for knowledge elaboration that can be useful in lots of other situations.
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Bao Hoai Lam. Réseaux de capteurs sans fil pour l’observation du climat et de la biologie dans une région tropicale d’agriculture intensive : méthodes, outils et applications pour le cas du Delta du Mékong, Vietnam. Other [cs.OH]. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018BRES0006⟩. ⟨tel-01871886⟩

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