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Nanosystèmes polymères pour la libération contrôlé de la Warfarine : conception et évaluation biologique

Abstract : In this work we synthesized derivatives of poly((R,S)-3,3-dimethylmalic acid) (PDMMLA).PDMMLA copolymers are mainly composed of two monomers: a hydrophobic monomercontaining a hydroxyl group and a hydrophilic monomer containing an acid group. Due to theproportion of each monomer in the final copolymer, the hydrophilic / hydrophobic balance ismodulated. Thus, six copolymers were obtained: three random copolymers PDMMLAHn-co-Hex100-n and three block copolymers: PDMMLAHn-b-Hex100-n.These copolymers are at the origin of nanoparticles without and with an active principle.Warfarin, which has been successfully encapsulated with both PDMMLAHn-co-Hex100-nand block, copolymer nanoparticles: PDMMLAHn-b-Hex100-n. The formed nanoparticlesshowed fairly high encapsulation efficiency for both types of copolymers.The PDMMLA nanoparticles are characterized in order to determine their shape, size andsurface charge. Thus nanoparticles of spherical shape, having less than 100 nm size andhaving a surface charge of less than -30 mV have been obtained. The PDMMLAH30-co-Hex70nanoparticles were chosen to study the controlled release of warfarin under physiologicaltemperature and pH conditions. Obtained results show a slow and progressive release ofwarfarin. Such nanoparticulate systems based on amphiphilic derivatives of PDMMLA wouldthus offer tools of interest for the encapsulation and controlled release of many hydrophobicactive principles such as the coumarin derivative thrombin inhibitor (DCBC) whoseantithrombin activity in purified system is higher than that of argatroban.
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Ines Msolli. Nanosystèmes polymères pour la libération contrôlé de la Warfarine : conception et évaluation biologique. Autre [q-bio.OT]. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité; Institut supérieur de biotechnologie (Monastir, Tunisie), 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCD033⟩. ⟨tel-01871569⟩

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