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Exercer son "métier de stagiaire" en Institut Médico-Educatif : une tension entre conduites comportementalistes et émancipation du sujet en formation

Abstract : This search is interested in the report to the training of the young people from 14 to 20 years old welcomed in Medical educational institute (IME), that is the young people with light intellectual deficiency, or averages partner or not in disorders (psychic, behavior). Since about fifteen years, the field of the training towards this public with intellectual handicap did not stop evolving towards a process of gratitude of the skills of the subject in training. In support on the works of Fabre, we place this field of the training in paradigm of a "problematic education" where the collective traditional solutions are not any more enough to answer the current stakes on the formative plan concerning this public. In this problematic context, thus it is advisable to be particularly interested in the experience of the people. We analyzed this dimension of experience through an entrance by the values which the young people welcomed in IME build in their route of training within this specialized establishment. Two instruments were exactly examined : the internship (realized by the young people outside of the IME within the framework of their project of social and occupational insertion) and its corollary, the tutelage of internship. An exploratory study by semi-directive conversations with twenty young people of the IME allowed to clear two valuable types who can seem contradictory and emanating from their representations : a first type who gets closer strongly to a behaviouristic vision of the internship and the second typifies in whom gets free a real desire to learn in internship in the speech. To deepen these first emergent indicators of our exploratory survey , a longitudinal survey was led from filmed observations concerning two young people of the IME followed during more than year in the various internships than they have the opportunity to make according to the objectives of their individualized project of support. Dewey and Bachelard, two philosophers of the training attached to the treatment of the problems, were our two theoretical pillars in what they bring railings of analysis of the values which build themselves in the real-life situations. A historic entrance also allowed us to show that the conducts adopted by the young people in internship are to be put in perspective with the way built themselves, as disciplines, the training, the alternation, the pedagogy, the intellectual handicap, according to advances and to slowness. Outcomes of the investigation Longitudinal confirmed those of the exploratory survey. They show that the young people of the IME are confronted in their internship with stakes which join dominant behaviouristic conducts, with sometimes possibilities of break which turn to an access to a more rational dimension of the training. The conditions of this break associated with one learn in internship are bound at the level of intellectual capacity of the person. The more this level is efficient, the more the access at the moments to learn in internship is opened. Our results invite to deal with particularly the question of the emancipation of the subject in training in an IME and opens on the dimension of educational support necessary for the development of the emancipation.
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Antoine Agraz. Exercer son "métier de stagiaire" en Institut Médico-Educatif : une tension entre conduites comportementalistes et émancipation du sujet en formation. Education. Normandie Université, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NORMR145⟩. ⟨tel-01870241⟩

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