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Matériaux à base de bore pour des applications énergies

Abstract : The present work is structured around boron-based materials expected to be used in the field of “energy”. We especially worked on two types of materials. (i) With the first type, solid-state hydrogen storage was targeted. Hydrazine borane N2H4BH3 was used as precursor of novel derivatives obtained by mechanosynthesis. We first made it react with lithium amide LiNH2 to obtain LiN2H3BH3.0,25NH3. Then, we considered calcium hydride CaH2; it reacted with N2H4BH3 at 67°C (after ball-milling) to form a new phase, calcium hydrazinidoborane of formula Ca(N2H3BH3)2. (ii) The second type of boron-based materials we investigated is about anionic polyboranes. They are known to be stable in aqueous solution and accordingly could be used as anodic fuel of direct liquid-fed fuel cell. We aimed at synthesizing and fully characterizing two salts: sodium closo-decaborane Na2B10H10 and sodium 1-oxa-nido-dodecaborate NaB11H12O. Their potential for the aforementioned application was tested by cyclic voltammetry by using bulk electrodes of platinum, silver and gold. All of our results are presented, discussed in detail and put into perspective in the present thesis.
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Salem Ould Amara. Matériaux à base de bore pour des applications énergies. Matériaux. Université Montpellier, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017MONTT180⟩. ⟨tel-01869843⟩

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