Le constitutionnalisme thaïlandais à la lumière de ses emprunts étrangers : une étude de la fonction royale

Abstract : Based on the study of the evolution of Thai constitutional law and its underlying doctrines from its very origins onwards, this dissertation identifies the core principle of the Thai polity as being royal sovereignty. It was built on material and doctrinal constitutional borrowings, that have, through successive sedimentation, created a specifically Thai doctrine of royal power making the King the supreme constituant power, the interpret of dharma and custom, to which positive law is subordinate. In Europe « medieval constitutionalism » took from the King the power to modify the fundamental laws of the realm, modern constitutionalism tended to take his « Majesty» away, and finally, « new constitutionalism » transferred his role as guardian of the constitution to the judicial power or a constitutional court. In Siam and later in Thailand, the monarchy used Western constitutional ideas and mechanisms to institutionalize and transform while at the same time maintaining the doctrine of royal sovereignty and its effective practice. As a result, constitutional instability has neutralized the development of parliamentarism necessary to make the Thai political regime converge towards its official British constitutional model. This finding opens the question of the transferability of the Bristish constitutional conventions unwritten rules at the heart of British parliamentary system, as they are but a crystallization of legal constraints proper to a specific constitutional history.
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Eugénie Mérieau. Le constitutionnalisme thaïlandais à la lumière de ses emprunts étrangers : une étude de la fonction royale. Science politique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCF009⟩. ⟨tel-01869059⟩

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