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Non-hydrolytic sol-gel synthesis of TiO₂-based electrode materials for Li-ion batteries

Abstract : Non-hydrolytic sol-gel (NHSG) provides useful alternatives to conventional sol-gel routes. In particular, the ether route based on the reaction of chloride or oxychloride precursors with ether oxygen donors is a well-established method for the preparation of mesoporous oxides and mixed-oxides. Li-ion batteries are ubiquitous in the field of electrochemical energy storage, from mobile devices to electric and hybrid vehicles. However, commercial electrode materials do not fulfill all the requirements needed for high-power applications. TiO2 is as a promising material to replace graphite anodes in high-power Li-ion batteries, despite its poor electronic conductivity, which must be improved. In this context, the objective of this PhD thesis is the conception of different TiO2-based electrode materials benefitting from NHSG advantages. Two different approaches were developed, using the ether route in the absence of any solvent or additive. First, hierarchical mesoporous oxides, TiO2 and TiO2-V2O5, were synthesized by calcination of xerogels in air. Secondly, mesoporous nanocomposites built of carbon-coated TiO2 nanoparticles were obtained by pyrolysis under argon of the xerogels; in this case, the ether is used for the first time as both as an oxygen donor and a carbon source. The texture and the structure of the resulting materials were characterized by N2 physisorption, electron microscopy, XRD, and Raman spectroscopy. TiO2/C samples were further analyzed by TGA and 13C CPMAS-NMR. Galvanostatic cycling at different current rates was performed to determine the electrochemical performances in lithium insertion-deinsertion.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01866697
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Submitted on : Monday, September 3, 2018 - 3:37:15 PM
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Angel Manuel Escamilla Perez. Non-hydrolytic sol-gel synthesis of TiO₂-based electrode materials for Li-ion batteries. Other. Université Montpellier, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017MONTT181⟩. ⟨tel-01866697⟩

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