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Langue italienne en bouche marocaine – la prononciation des voyelles italiennes par des étudiants arabophones

Abstract : This thesis is dedicated to the analysis of the vocalic system of the interlanguageof Moroccan students of Italian (FL). The aim of this work is to determine whichis the language that has the biggest influence on the pronunciation of Italianvowels: Arabic (NL) or French (L2).The empirical part of this research took place in the faculty of Ain Chock-Casablanca, during the academic year 2012-2013. The informants, on whose datathe research is based, were been recorded while reading a list of sentences whichcontains minimal pairs. In order to verify the correct pronunciation we used acontrol group of Italian natives (recorded at the University of Turin). All the oraldata were treated with PRAAT and analyzed in an electronic document (LFSAG).For visualization of the vowel spaces we opted for the measurement of the firstand the second formants and their display in F1-F2 diagrams.After analyzing the different errors of pronunciation of the Italian vowels wenoticed that they are attributable to phonological difficulties due to vocalicexchange of the phonemes /e/ with /i/ and /o/ with /u/ and vice-versa. Additionallythe results show that the interference of the French language less than expected,and only occurs when there are two words with the same graphical aspect. Arabic,on the other hand, as the mother tongue of all the informants, is the languagewhich has the most effect on the pronunciation Italian vowels.The analysis of the phonological system of both Moroccan and standard Arabichas revealed that it is characterized by secondary articulation manners which aretraditionally attributed to emphasis, which modifies the timbre of the consonant.The consonant in its turn change that of the adjacent vowel. While the articulationof the Italian vowels is more independent from the consonantal context, thearticulation of the Arabic vowels appears to be dependent on the context sincetheir timbre depends partially on the preceding and following consonants: if theseare emphatic, then the vowel is emphatic ([e], [o]), and if they are not emphatic,then the vowel is non emphatic ([i], [u]).The results obtained in this research confirm that what affects the pronunciation ofthe vowels are the emphatic modes present in Moroccan and standard Arabic.These difficulties can be overcome with specific exercises, which allow thestudents to acquire new articulatory habits in order to reach a good pronunciationof the Italian language.
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 30, 2018 - 9:50:30 AM
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Tarik Salah Eddine. Langue italienne en bouche marocaine – la prononciation des voyelles italiennes par des étudiants arabophones. Linguistique. Universita degli studi (Turin, Italie). Département de sciences sociales, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016GREAL035⟩. ⟨tel-01864519⟩



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