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Theses

Le contrôle international des agences de notation financières

Abstract : To control credit rating agencies, some national and regional initiatives are concrete, but they do not are harmonized. This situation is not, however, prohibitive. For example, while the EU and the US both have a separate registration system for credit rating agencies to exercise on their territory, it makes sense to think, and therefore ultimately consider, that a universal registration or aggregation would be a strong first step towards regulatory harmonization. It is in this context that the harmonization of US and European regulations could be a first step towards a supra-state regulatory framework for credit rating agencies. It remains to be defined whether European standards would apply, or those of the potentially less ambitious American regulation. And this line of thought would be perfectly fair if it was not also necessary to take into account the rise of emerging countries that want to change the situation. It would therefore be necessary to agree first and foremost on a system that is suitable for everyone, a very difficult hypothesis that deserves questioning. In addition, in order to control credit rating agencies in an effective and binding manner (which is unfortunately not the case for the IOSCO Code of Conduct Fundamentals for Credit Rating Agencies), the possibility of emerging international economic law made from financial standards. This process would thus not only be beneficial in the context of creating international control for credit rating agencies, it would also be beneficial in the development of a international financial law. In the context of credit rating agencies, the development of financial standards has been in response to the needs of national regulatory authorities seeking a balance between maintaining the competitiveness of their financial centers and the need of stability for the financial system. These standards allow cooperation institutions to position themselves as international standardization authorities for the sectors concerned.
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Charles Bergier. Le contrôle international des agences de notation financières. Droit. Université Côte d'Azur, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018AZUR0014⟩. ⟨tel-01863563⟩

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