Elaboration, caractérisation et modélisation optique d'électrodes transparentes intégrant des nanofils d'Ag pour des applications solaires

Abstract : Transparent Electrodes (TEs) are crucial components of wide variety of optoelectronic devices as (OLEDs, photovoltaic cells, touch screen…). Nowadays, the transparent electrode widely used is Indium Tin Oxide (ITO), due to its good optoelectronic properties. However, it presents some drawbacks such as the indium scarcity and its brittleness which is not compatible with flexible substrates. Silver nanowires (AgNWs) were considered as potential alternative to replace ITO because of their good optical and electrical properties. Although promising, the AgNWs presents some drawbacks, including the poor adhesion to substrate and the surface roughness. In this work, we propose a sandwich structure Oxide/Metal/Oxide (OMO), where the metallic layer is based on AgNWs. We embedded AgNWs between two nanoparticles oxide layers of (ZnO, AZO, WO3) in order to fabricate trilayer electrodes which are ZAZ, AAA, WAW. These trilayer electrodes show a high transmittance and a low sheet resistance, which lead to consider them on of the alternative to the ITO. In addition, the ZAZ and AAA electrodes were successfully integrated in organic solar cells with good photovoltaic performance. Moreover, using the potential numerical method FDTD (Finite Difference Time Domain) we demonstrated a good agreement between the experimental and numerical results for the ZAZ electrodes. Therefore, the enhancement of absorption inside active layer due to the plasmonic effect of AgNWs was also demonstrated. Finally, we can model a randomly network of AgNWs embedded between two layers of ZnO, with investigating the difference between a dense and nanoparticles layer of ZnO.
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Malika Chalh. Elaboration, caractérisation et modélisation optique d'électrodes transparentes intégrant des nanofils d'Ag pour des applications solaires. Electronique. Université de Limoges, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LIMO0031⟩. ⟨tel-01862301⟩

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