Néogenèse lymphoïde induite par l'infection bactérienne bronchopulmonaire chronique

Abstract : Introduction: lymphoid follicles (LF) are absent in normal lungs, but are described in lungs of subjects with cystic fibrosis (CF) or non-CF bronchiectasis, suggesting a role for bacterial infection in lymphoid neogenesis. We aimed to study the dynamic of pulmonary lymphoid neogenesis (LN) during bacterial infection. Methods: C57BL/6 mice were instilled intratracheally with PAO1- or S. aureus-coated (1.106 CFU/mouse) agarose beads (which produced prolonged airway infection) and compared to controls (sterile beads or no instillation). Mice were sacrificed on day (d)1, d4, d7, and d14 after instillation. Results: chronic pulmonary infection with PAO1 or S. aureus induced organised LF in 14 days after a single challenge with PAO1- or S. aureus-coated beads. Bacteria- induced LF were exclusively localized in the subepithelium of infected airways. Staining for CXCL12 and CXCL13 was weak in airway epithelium of controls, but was positive in airway epithelium (CXCL13) at 1 day and in LF (both) of infected mice at 14 days. Treatment with anti CXCL12 or anti CXCL13 Ab did not reduce LN induced by PAO1 infection. Conclusions: chronic bacterial infection and respiratory epithelium could contribute to LN in chronic airway diseases. Our unique model allows to study mechanisms for the formation and maintenance of lung LF.
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Justine Frija-Masson. Néogenèse lymphoïde induite par l'infection bactérienne bronchopulmonaire chronique. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015USPCB184⟩. ⟨tel-01860282⟩

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