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Etude phytochimique de quelques plantes extrêmophiles tunisiennes et exploration de leurs activités biologiques

Abstract : Research strategies of active natural products include ecological approaches. Extremophile plants, and in particular, halophytes and xerophytes, salt and drought-resistant plants, are a case in point. As they develop an arsenal of adaptation responses, including a powerful antioxidant system, they prove to be a promising source of biomolecules, especially in phenolic compounds. In this study, an assessment of biological activities was carried out on eight Tunisian halophyte and xerophyte plants that would offer new applications in public health-care, as well as in agriculture. Limonium virgatum (Willd.) Fourr. (Plumbaginaceae), a halophyte plant, showed interesting antioxidant and antibacterial activities in accordance to a high polyphenol content and to the presence of phenylpropanoides, respectively. Cirsium scabrum (Poir.) Bonnet & Barratte (Asteraceae), a xerophyte plant, revealed a cytotoxic potential involving cycloartane-type triterpenes, and a promising activity against Dermabacter hominis strains which is linked to the presence of glycosylated flavones. Juncus maritimus Lam. (Juncaceae), a halophyte plant, should be referred to a source of phenanthrene derivativeswith original biological activities. Juncunol showed a high activity against an amoxicillin-resistant strain of Streptococcus pyogenes. Effusol was highly active against the wheat pathogen (Zymoseptoria tritici), for which high salinity conditions would stimulate its activity in the rhizomes of the plant. Most interestingly, dehydrojuncusol, has been introduced as a novel inhibitor of hepatitis C virus replication that is effective against resistant mutants for which some treatments available on the market became ineffective.
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Ramla Sahli. Etude phytochimique de quelques plantes extrêmophiles tunisiennes et exploration de leurs activités biologiques. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université du Droit et de la Santé - Lille II; Université de Carthage (Tunisie), 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LIL2S016⟩. ⟨tel-01858408⟩

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