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RÉSILIENCE DES TRÈS PETITES ENTREPRISES AUX CRISES DE GRANDE AMPLEUR DANS LES PAYS EN DÉVELOPPEMENT : CAS DU SECTEUR INFORMEL SUITE AUX INONDATIONS DU 1ER SEPTEMBRE 2009 À OUAGADOUGOU AU BURKINA FASO

Abstract : Very small enterprises, which are generally part of the informal sector, face recurring crises, sometimes brutal, such as floods that threaten their survival, growth and development and require from them resiliency capacity. Indeed, without unemployment benefit, without insurance, and sometimes even no family and institutional support, all the conditions are met for the death of these enterprises. However, while some disappear, others rebound and emerge greater following the crises. Hence the research question: "What factors determine the resilience of the informal sector to large-scale crises?" This is the quintessence of our research which, through a dual (qualitative and quantitative) methodology, seeks to explore, to unravel the "mystery" about the resilience factors of very small enterprises following large-scale crises. The theory of the resilience of Lucie BEGIN and Didier CHABAUD (2010) which refers to a capacity through the three following dimensions was kept: (i) an absorptive capacity that allows the organization not to collapse faced with shock or unexpected; (ii) a capacity for renewal by which the company can invent new futures, find original solutions and (iii) a capacity for appropriation enabling it to become stronger through its experiences. The main results of the qualitative research of our thesis show that their resilience depends partly on the resources possessed before the crisis, and above all on the dynamism of the entrepreneur, the field of activities, the importance of resources mobilized after the disaster and family and friendship solidarity without overshadowing moral support. These findings have been corroborated by quantitative research, allowing to benefit from the advantages of both methods while making significant contributions. To this end, from a scientific point of view, our work has brought new insights into the factors of resilience of these companies forgotten by research, in particular solidarity. It has also shown that illiterate entrepreneurs have capacity and are more resilient than more educated entrepreneurs. It has also invalidated the assumptions that resilience depended on the importance of resources held prior to a crisis, and that African culture was an obstacle to the performance of companies, not to mention the methodological, managerial and operational inputs. This research, which is the first of its kind in spite of its limitations, constitutes a small step, but an important step towards knowledge of the resilience factors of informal enterprises to large-scale crises and will be of definite benefit to scientists, politicians, technical and financial partners and stakeholders of the informal sector.
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Jean-Baptiste Zoungrana. RÉSILIENCE DES TRÈS PETITES ENTREPRISES AUX CRISES DE GRANDE AMPLEUR DANS LES PAYS EN DÉVELOPPEMENT : CAS DU SECTEUR INFORMEL SUITE AUX INONDATIONS DU 1ER SEPTEMBRE 2009 À OUAGADOUGOU AU BURKINA FASO. Gestion et management. Université Aube Nouvelle (Burkina Faso), 2017. Français. ⟨tel-01852566⟩

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