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Impact du conditionnement de poudres de Ti6Al4V sur le procédé de fusion sélective laser

Abstract : Selective Laser Melting (SLM), through additive manufacturing process, allows the conception of specific shapes through a layer-by-layer building method from a powder bed. The emphasis between processing parameters as, laser power, scan speed, scan strategy… has already been well investigated for a wide panel of material. Nevertheless, the powder interaction with electromagnetic waves remains a topical issue to handle the stabilization of the melting pool, and optimize the amount of energy used within the process.The purpose of this survey is : (a) the understanding and handling of powder bed layering mechanism through SLM Phenix rolling blade ; (b) the analysis and quantification of morphological and microstructural evolutions single tracks according to SLM process and powder bed parameters ; (c) development of a thermal and microstructural model standing for post SLM single tracks edification.First of all, the process of powder spreading by rolling blade has been investigated in order to tame and modelize the porosity and effective thickness of the powder bed. Thereafter, characteristics of Ti6Al4V single tracks produced by SLM were analyzed according to process and bed powder parameters. This approach tends to quantify the impact of the powder bed packing on the SLM melting mechanism. Accordingly, fine microstructural analysis and reconstruction have been extracted. Finally, a radiative thermal model linked to a microstructural prediction of single tracks has been settled, leading to a deeper understanding of the melting mechanism.
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Matthieu Regniere. Impact du conditionnement de poudres de Ti6Al4V sur le procédé de fusion sélective laser. Autre. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSEM038⟩. ⟨tel-01851914⟩

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