Approche territoriale de la valorisation des déchets : élaboration d’un modèle pour la conception de filières adaptées au territoire

Abstract : Since the early 90's, waste management has become a « resources » management whose recovery can substitute fossil natural resources. The waste processing required can lead to important logistics, which need to be planned so that the additional impacts associated with waste management operations do not offset the benefits arising from the exploitation of the resource. Moreover, waste is a dispersed resource, subject to a great spatial variability (e.g. waste production rate). This has implications on the recovery chains performance and, especially, on the transport-related activities. In order to consider this spatial heterogeneity in waste management planning, this thesis presents a territorial approach to waste recovery chain's design. It relies on the definition of recovery potentials indicators associated to the sources. The application of the approach to the Montreal case allowed finding the areas unfavourable to the management scenarios considered. Determining the causes of low performance allowed targeting the needs in terms of system's improvement and, especially, the areas where these changes needed to happen. Therefore the approach presented in this thesis is the first step towards a decision-making tool for a localized diversification of recovery chains. By including the interactions between the chain's different processes (collection/transport/treatment), it also provides a systemic framework for a better overall planning of waste management activities.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [170 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01848797
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 25, 2018 - 10:58:09 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 17, 2019 - 12:36:10 PM
Long-term archiving on: Friday, October 26, 2018 - 1:12:05 PM

File

Tanguy-Audrey-diff.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01848797, version 1

Citation

Audrey Tanguy. Approche territoriale de la valorisation des déchets : élaboration d’un modèle pour la conception de filières adaptées au territoire. Autre. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSEM016⟩. ⟨tel-01848797⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

371

Files downloads

900