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La "révolution silencieuse" de la Banque Mondiale et du FMI, et le « Buen Vivir » : essais critiques sur le développement

Abstract : The crisis of the Latin American external debt of the eighties meant the change of the model of industrialization by substitution of imports towards a model of sustained development in the liberalization of the economy. The transition was triggered by IMF macroeconomic adjustment and stabilization policies. These measures were continued, consolidated and deepened by the World Bank and International Development Cooperation, through structural reforms that brought about changes in the State and society. This generated social unrest that was expressed in mobilizations, claims and rejections in almost all countries in the region. These social mobilizations against neoliberal structural adjustment and reform gave rise to new political discourses. One of them is the Good Living (Buen Vivir), that was incorporated into the Political Constitution of Ecuador and Bolivia in 2008. Buen Vivir collects the demands for a model of friendly, supportive development, friendly to nature and in which the fundamental rights of human beings, including the right to radical difference, are respected. The discourse of Good Living reflects the criticisms of development made by post-development and decline, and integrates them into a new dimension, which refers to otherness in the economy.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 25, 2018 - 10:37:07 AM
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Pablo Davalos Aguilar. La "révolution silencieuse" de la Banque Mondiale et du FMI, et le « Buen Vivir » : essais critiques sur le développement. Economies et finances. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAE009⟩. ⟨tel-01848760⟩



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