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Résistance du monde agricole : aspects psychosociaux du bien-être et du mal-être

Abstract : Farmers are part of a socio-professional category that expresses some form of unease due to multiple pressures and changes in their profession. Our approach focuses on interindividual differences contributing to adaptation and resistance, in a particularly threatening context, or favoring the worsening of a state of psychological suffering. To this end, we focus on the concept of resources and in particular on the Conservation of Resources theory (Hobfoll, 1989). This theory allows us to understand which are the material, energy, personal characteristics and conditions resources and among them, which gains are the most protective and which losses are the most destructive of the farmers' health.To test our hypotheses, this research is based on a two-stage quantitative and longitudinal measurement method for a cohort of Lorraine (France northeastern region) farmers. Thus, health is assessed in terms of well-being (happiness, vigor, life satisfaction, perceived health) and ill-being (stress, burnout, musculoskeletal pain). Our results obtained by using structural models (Partial Least Square Path Modeling) confirm the preponderance of the deleterious effects of resources’ losses on health at T1, conversely, and to a lesser extent, that the resources’ gains protect it. On the other hand, the change in health at T2 is predicted only by resource erosion. Our results underline the need to prevent the loss of personal and conditions resources and then energy to preserve farmers’ health.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 25, 2018 - 10:19:12 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 13, 2020 - 10:46:56 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01848724, version 1


Charlotte Mabire. Résistance du monde agricole : aspects psychosociaux du bien-être et du mal-être. Psychologie. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0365⟩. ⟨tel-01848724⟩



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