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La guerre pour les idées en Amérique latine : relations politiques et culturelles avec l'Union soviétique : une approche comparative (Cuba-Chili, 1959-1973)

Abstract : After the Cuban Revolution in 1959, Latin America became a crucial point of the "Cold War for the ideas", generating a growing interest of both United States and Soviet Union. Concerning USSR, social transformation of Cuba encouraged the Kremlin to have an attentive eye on the Caribbean island, a country that will become, after a phase of divergences (1962-1968), a faithful Moscow's ally. But the rapprochement between USSR and Havana also foster a specific doctrine with regard to other Latin American countries. It was the case of Chile, a state that during Eduardo Frei's administration (1964-1970) signed ambitious agreements with the East, encouraging bilateral exchanges. This trend, brutally interrupted by Pinochet’s coup d'état in September 1973, strengthened after the election of Salvador Allende in 1970. Beyond the growth of political and economic relations, Khrushchev’s administration made an effort to consolidate a powerful cultural diplomacy, which will result in increasing interactions with Castro’s Cuba and Chile of the 1960s and the early 1970s. While in Santiago, Soviet culture was supposed to unveil a positive facet of a largely ignored country, in Cuba, it became rapidly a mark of the privileged links built between two states belonging to the same "ideological camp". Nonetheless, the effect of cultural exchanges was not the same in the different areas analyzed, engendering heterogeneous and even ambivalent social representations that were deeply associated to each context. On the basis of a comparative approach, focused on Soviet priorities in Cuba and Chile, it is possible to measure the nature of Kremlin's foreign policy in Latin America, as well as the various consequences of the new international proximity. This standpoint also allows us to remark that relations with one state may determine the policy towards other nations, configuring a "triangular articulation" of Soviet-Chilean-Cuban relations.
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Rafael Pedemonte. La guerre pour les idées en Amérique latine : relations politiques et culturelles avec l'Union soviétique : une approche comparative (Cuba-Chili, 1959-1973). Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I; Universidad católica de Chile, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA01H055⟩. ⟨tel-01848715⟩

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