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Contribution à l’analyse de la qualité environnementale d’un projet d’aménagement périurbain/rural en milieu tropical : méthodes et outils d’aide à la décision

Abstract : Significant industrial development, strong population growth, intensive urbanization,expansion of road, air and sea transports are all factors that contribute to the exhaustion of natural resources, land and climate change. The combination of the 3 strategic pillars of sustainable development : environment, economy and social, in the deployment of complementary policies contributes to the reduction of greenhouse gases emissions and environmental impacts.The standardization of the sustainable development principles is difficult to implement. It depends on the context of a the studied country or territory. The ecological and energy transition requires a eco-mangement frame of reference adapted to the specificities and stakes of the concerned territories. This work contributes to the development of a surburban site in a tropical islandenvironment, around activities in the primary, secondary, and tertiary sectors. In this context, several analysis tools have been developed to meet the requirements of an eco-management scheme, including technical and environmental analyzes and the overall evaluation of an eco-management scheme. These tools provide local and regional actors to analyze the environmental impacts of a project and to evaluate different development alternatives. In addition to the decision-supporttools, a methodological approach is proposed in this thesis, based on the systemic and typological approaches and the ISO 14044 normative framework relating to Life Cycle Assessment.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01845494
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  • HAL Id : tel-01845494, version 1

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Christelle Hoarau. Contribution à l’analyse de la qualité environnementale d’un projet d’aménagement périurbain/rural en milieu tropical : méthodes et outils d’aide à la décision. Génie civil. Université de la Réunion, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LARE0042⟩. ⟨tel-01845494⟩

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