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Transformation de polyols biosourcés par hydrogénolyse en phase aqueuse

Abstract : The synthesis of ethylene and propylene glycols from renewables is a great challenge for a green chemistry. The hydrogenolysis of alditols (i.e. xylitol and sorbitol) from lignocellulosic biomass into glycols is an interesting process. This reaction was investigated in aqueous media under harsh operating conditions (200°C; 60 bar H2) over Ru-based heterogeneous catalyst (i.e. 3%Ru/C) and a homogeneous basic promotor (i.e. Ca(OH)2). The kinetic studies revealed that several reactions can occur such as epimerization, decarbonylation or retro-aldol. An optimal molar ratio Rmol(OH-/alditol) of 0.13 led to the highest selectivities to glycols (55%) and glycerol (15%) for an activity of 93 h-1. Beyond this ratio, lactate was principally produced to the detriment of propylene glycol. Bifunctional catalysts (Ru/basic oxide/C) were synthetized in order to perform this reaction in neutral conditions. 3%Ru/MnO(19%)/C showed a high activity (384 h-1) and high selectivities to glycols (37%) and glycerol (17%). However, Mn leaching occurred during the reaction (70%) due to the production of small amount of carboxylates. The use of binary solvent H2O: ROH with ROH: MeOH; EtOH; 1-PrOH and 1-BuOH, enhanced the Ru/MnO/C behavior with selectivities to glycols and glycerol up to 70% in spite of the coke formation on the catalysts. Mn-based mixed oxide catalysts in presence of Ru (i.e. Ru-MnOX-Al) were synthetized and led to high selectivities to glycols and glycerol (60%) with an average activity of 60 h-1. The stability of these catalysts was enhanced by decreasing the substrate concentration
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Maxime Rivière. Transformation de polyols biosourcés par hydrogénolyse en phase aqueuse. Chimie analytique. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE1200⟩. ⟨tel-01845019⟩

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