Photochemical Modeling of the Formation of Conduction Electrons at a Heterojunction in an Organic Solar Cell

Abstract : The uncertainty surrounding petroleum production and the pollution associated with fossil fuels plus the series of well-known accidents of Three Mile Island, Chernobyl and Fukushima plus the desire to diversify energy sources are important factors favoring the development of solar cell technology. For certain applications organic photovoltaics are particularly interesting because (for example) of the possibility of printing these circuits and the creation of flexible solar cells in the form of adhesive tape. Following the seminal studies of Tang, so-called bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solarcells have been created by polymer phase separation. Some BHJ divices are already available commercially but their photovoltaic efficiency is still low. In order to aid in the improving this efficiency, we propose to model the critical process by which a local excitation (an "exciton") dissociates to form a conducting electron/hole pair. In contrast with the majority of solid-state physicists involved in studying this problem who seem to ignore the typically non-Born-Oppenheimer character of this event, we planto treat this event directly by photochemical modeling using semiclassical (Tully-type) surface-hopping dynamics with which we already have some experience. As the objective is the comprehension of highly complex systems, we propose exploratory calculations based on the TD-DFTB method, a semiemprical version of the time-dependent density-functional theory (TD-DFT) for which one of us is well-known for his pioneering work. The study will be carried out in collaboration with the ORGAVOLT group of developers of ab initio methods for modeling BHJs, and with groups in Singapore interested by BHJs, as well as with groups in Germany specializing in DFTB.
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Ala Aldin M Hani Mahmood Darghouth. Photochemical Modeling of the Formation of Conduction Electrons at a Heterojunction in an Organic Solar Cell. Theoretical and/or physical chemistry. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAV091⟩. ⟨tel-01844536⟩

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