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Micro- and nano-patterning of conducting polymers for biomedical applications

Abstract : Bioelectronics uses electrical signals to interact with biological systems. Sensors that allow for electrical read-out of important disease markers, and implants/stimulators used for the detection and treatment of pathological cellular activity are only a few examples of what this technology can offer. Due to their intriguing electroactive and mechanical properties, organic electronics or π-conjugated materials have been extensively explored regarding their use in bioelectronics applications. The attractive mixed electronic/ionic conductivity feature of conducting polymers enables coupling between the electronic charges in the bulk of the organic films with ion fluxes in biological medium. The prototypical material of organic bioelectronics is the conducting polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) doped with polystyrene sulfonate (PSS). PEDOT:PSS is commercially available, water-dispersible conjugated polymer complex that can be cast into films of high hole and cation conductivity, good charge storage capacity, biocompatibility, and chemical stability. In the present work we investigate an approach to tailor the mechanical, electrical, and electrochemical properties of PEDOT:PSS and study their impact on the performance of organic electrochemical transistors. In addition, we study the effect of micro-structuring and nano-patterning on the electrochemical impedance of PEDOT:PSS- coated gold electrodes for future neural recordings and stimulation. Moreover we demonstrate the use of micro-patterned PEDOT:PSS in cell adhesion and migration.
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Mohammed Elmahmoudy. Micro- and nano-patterning of conducting polymers for biomedical applications. Other. Université de Lyon, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSEM027⟩. ⟨tel-01844247⟩

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