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Separation of variables and new quantum integrable systems with boundaries

Abstract : The main theoretical tools to understand the macroscopic behaviour of quantumsystems from their microscopic description are the determination of theirHamiltonian spectrum and the computation of their correlation functions. This thesistakes place in the development of such a research program to study quantumintegrable models with general integrable boundary conditions, the long-range goalbeing to be able to exactly describe out of equilibrium physics.More specifically, we have analysed the class of integrable quantum models on thelattice associated to cyclic representations of the 6-vertex reflection algebra,including as particular cases the lattice sine- Gordon model at root of unity and thechiral Potts model with general integrable boundaries.A large part of the work has been devoted to the development of the quantumseparation of variables method to solve the spectral problem for these models withgeneral integrable boundary conditions, by generalising the Baxter’s gaugetransformations to these cyclic reflection algebras.We have completely characterised the transfer matrix spectrum (both eigenvaluesand eigenstates) in terms of the set of solutions to a discrete system of polynomialequations and equivalently as the set of solutions, in a given class of functions, to aBaxter like functional equation. This last point allows in particular cases to make alink with the Algebraic Bethe Ansatz approach, which in general, cannot be used forthe study of these models.We have then constructed families of new local Hamiltonians with integrableboundaries commuting with the above transfer matrix. To that end, we have defined ahierarchy of new mixed reflection equations, involving different representations ofthe 6-vertex algebra and using, among others, the fundamental R-matrix.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 18, 2018 - 5:29:07 PM
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Baptiste Pezelier. Separation of variables and new quantum integrable systems with boundaries. Physics [physics]. Université de Lyon, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSEN016⟩. ⟨tel-01843587⟩

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