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Universalité et surréalisme : le peintre Kitawaki Noboru (1901-1951) et les avant-gardes japonaises

Abstract : During the first half of the 20th century, several European avant-garde movements were introduced in Japan, where they grew within a short period of time, sometimes intermingling, which was quite inconceivable from an Occidental perspective. This characteristic was obvious in the case of Japanese surrealism, a synthetic cultural object. During the 1930s, the increasing pressure on artists and intellectuals gave it an even more singular dimension. Like many Japanese painters, Kitawaki Noboru (1901-1951) was interested in surrealism, but he quickly moved away from the Western model to begin a singular artistic exploration through his "Schematic Paintings", with which he aimed to construct a model of reality that appeared less and less ordered in a time of trouble and which consequently could no longer be understood. In this way he aimed to give back to man the place that should be his. Kitawaki’s attempts to draw inspiration from the most diverse fields, without any real temporal, geographical or disciplinary limitations, evoke the work of Renaissance polymath artists. His production, while inseparable from the context, cannot be perceived only in relation to historical events. The in-depth analysis of several of his writings and works, as well as the theoretical and practical schemas he developed (notably the question of the pictorial void) provide information on the painter's aim, which—in contrast to standards—was as much concerned with the background as it was with the motifs of his canvases, and which was more concerned with the manner in which elements were combined than with the elements themselves.
Keywords : Art Avant-Garde
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 18, 2018 - 3:21:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 23, 2020 - 8:46:06 AM
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Vincent Manigot. Universalité et surréalisme : le peintre Kitawaki Noboru (1901-1951) et les avant-gardes japonaises. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCF001⟩. ⟨tel-01843134⟩



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