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Synthèse in situ de fluorophores organiques : formation de liaisons covalentes par déclenchement enzymatique et applications en biodétection

Abstract : Fluorescence imaging is a growing field of biology over the past decades. Intensive works mainly focused on instrumental developments and chemistry of contrast agents (probes), were already done to improve such bioanalytical technique. The main goal of this Ph. D. thesis was to explore various fluorogenic molecular platforms responsive to various (bio)chemical stimuli and capable of releasing organic fluorophores in the biological medium to analyze. This approach named "in-situsynthesis" is based on domino reactions belonging to the repertoire of "covalent chemistry", triggered by the target (bio)analyte. This kind of process should provide advanced fluorogenic probes with high signal-to-noise ratio. Another purpose of this work was to investigate some dualtriggering events to access to fluorogenic molecules acting as "AND-type" molecular logic gates for dual-analytes detection applications. To establish this approach, the formation of highly fluorescent7-hydroxy-2-iminocoumarin scaffolds triggered by several enzyme pairs (hydrolase and nitroreductase) was studied and now described in the first chapter of this manuscript. The second part of this work, described in chapters II and III, was devoted to the development of original "caged" precursors able to release fluorophores whose absorption / emission maxima are dramatically redshifted compared to those of coumarin derivatives. The first achievement concerned the detection of protease or nitroreductase activities through in-situ formation of a pyronin scaffold. Further works, currently in progress, are focused on "caged" precursors whose the dual reaction with a model protease should lead to the release of a benzophenoxazine derivative. Finally, some chemistry aspects related to an emerging and promising class of NIR fluorophores (dihydroxanthene-hemicyanine hybrids) are presented and the opportunity to form them in biological media, upon enzymatic triggering is also discussed.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 20, 2018 - 4:18:13 PM
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Sylvain Debieu. Synthèse in situ de fluorophores organiques : formation de liaisons covalentes par déclenchement enzymatique et applications en biodétection. Chimie organique. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017UBFCK051⟩. ⟨tel-01842378⟩

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