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Neuropeptides et phéromones sexuelles impliqués dans le contrôle de la ponte chez la seiche Sepia Officinalis

Abstract : The common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) is a Cephalopod mollusk found on the Normandy coasts. In the Bay of Seine, it is the third species targeted by offshore and coastal fleets, so it is an important economic resource for the whole region. In a context of resource protection, the study and understanding of its reproductive mechanisms is a major objective. This study is therefore focused on the regulatory mechanisms of egg-laying, and in particular on the factors involved in the release of oocytes. Previous research in the laboratory demonstrated multifactorial control of the egg-laying process, with three levels of regulation: (i) neuropeptides involved in the perception of environmental cues, (ii) ovarian factors providing paracrine regulation of the genital tract, and (iii) sexual pheromones, which are implied in egg-laying and are suspected to play a determining role in the reproductive behavior. This thesis highlights the role of two families of recently identified neuropeptides called CCAPs and FLGamides (or So-orcokinins B). These two families participate in oocyte transport and in egg capsule secretion by acting on the contractile activity of the oviduct/oviduct gland complex and of the main nidamental glands. These neuropeptides are also suspected to play a role in the biosynthesis of yolk and capsular proteins. At the same time, sex pheromones are expressed by the oviduct gland and secreted along with capsular proteins. Previous work made it possible to characterize expression products resulting from cleavages of the prohormone convertase type. In this new study, a second mode of cleavage is highlighted, evidenced by the identification of cleavage products with MWs greater than 20 kDa. One of these products, beta pheromone, was produced in a recombinant system but its biological activity on the male reproductive system and on the oviduct was not demonstrated. As for behavioral tests, they were not exploited because the number of animals tested was too small. Finally, a comparative and differential transcriptomic approach of the male olfactory organ and the oviduct pavilion evidenced a candidate receptor expected to bind to sex pheromones
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 18, 2018 - 9:54:19 AM
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Maxime Endress. Neuropeptides et phéromones sexuelles impliqués dans le contrôle de la ponte chez la seiche Sepia Officinalis. Biologie de la reproduction. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMC208⟩. ⟨tel-01842255⟩



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