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Etude de jets turbulents à masse volumique variable : impact de la variation de masse volumique sur la structure fine et le mélange

Abstract : An experimental study of the development of turbulent jets with variable density is presented. The axial and radial behaviours of the mean and fluctuating statistical properties obtained on the velocity and concentration fields are analysed. These results provide a better understanding of mixing phenomena and the effect of density variation in order to provide complementary data for the development of numerical calculations and to increase their precision.The cases studied in this thesis are two helium jets carrying acetone vapor for Reynolds numbers Re = 7000 and 11000 to explore the effect of large density variations (S = 0.39 and 0.41, respectively) relative to the ambient air. The case of an air jet (Re = 16000) also carrying acetone vapor is used as a reference case comparable to the case of a passive contaminant with S = 1.17. The study focuses on the region of near jet exit, up to a distance of 40 times the jet outlet diameter Dj. The adopted configuration is a round jet tube, free, axisymmetric, vertical and ascending whose internal diameter of the tube is Dj = 3.5 mm developing in the ambient air.The particularity of this study is the implementation of an optical diagnostic measurement system that allows a spatial and temporal coupling of speed and concentration measurements over a region of the flow of a few cm2. To do this, the coupling of the PIV measurements for the measurement of the velocity field and the PLIF based on the fluorescence of the acetone vapor for the measurement of the concentration field has been studied, designed and tested. It allowed us to obtain a database, still too rare today, on the evolution of the turbulent flow of speed and concentration. These data have shown a faster evolution of the lightest jet. However, the correlation coefficients appear to be identical when the self-similar zone of the jet is reached. An approach based on joint speed-concentration density probabilities has revealed differences in the outer region of the jets, where the intermittent boundary gives its imprint on the properties of the mixture.
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Alexandre Moutte. Etude de jets turbulents à masse volumique variable : impact de la variation de masse volumique sur la structure fine et le mélange. Mécanique des fluides [physics.class-ph]. Ecole Centrale Marseille, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ECDM0003⟩. ⟨tel-01841463⟩

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