Détection d’anomalies dans les séries temporelles : application aux masses de données sur les pneumatiques

Abstract : Anomaly detection is a crucial task that has attracted the interest of several research studies in machine learning and data mining communities. The complexity of this task depends on the nature of the data, the availability of their labeling and the application framework on which they depend. As part of this thesis, we address this problem for complex data and particularly for uni and multivariate time series. The term "anomaly" can refer to an observation that deviates from other observations so as to arouse suspicion that it was generated by a different generation process. More generally, the underlying problem (also called novelty detection or outlier detection) aims to identify, in a set of data, those which differ significantly from others, which do not conform to an "expected behavior" (which could be defined or learned), and which indicate a different mechanism. The "abnormal" patterns thus detected often result in critical information. We focus specifically on two particular aspects of anomaly detection from time series in an unsupervised fashion. The first is global and consists in detecting abnormal time series compared to an entire database, whereas the second one is called contextual and aims to detect locally, the abnormal points with respect to the global structure of the relevant time series. To this end, we propose an optimization approaches based on weighted clustering and the warping time for global detection ; and matrix-based modeling for the contextual detection. Finally, we present several empirical studies on public data to validate the proposed approaches and compare them with other known approaches in the literature. In addition, an experimental validation is provided on a real problem, concerning the detection of outlier price time series on the tyre data, to meet the needs expressed by, LIZEO, the industrial partner of this thesis
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Seif-Eddine Benkabou. Détection d’anomalies dans les séries temporelles : application aux masses de données sur les pneumatiques. Base de données [cs.DB]. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1046⟩. ⟨tel-01839074⟩

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