Caractérisation Spectrale et Temporelle par Quenching de Fluorescence des Interactions Matière Organique-Eléments Métalliques

Abstract : The study of metal elements behavior, considering their impact in various ecosystems, is of paramount importance.The latter, upon contact with Organic Matter (OM) can form weak or strong stable complexes. Therefore,OM plays an important role in their chemical speciation and transport. The analysis of these properties is carriedout by Fluorescence Quenching (QF). This technique allows introspecting ligands–metal interactions andthe 1 : 1 modeling (one ligand site, one metal) gives information about the conditional thermodynamic constant.Fluorescence quenching was measured using steady–state and time–resolved fluorescence spectroscopy.The steady–state measurements provides Excitation and Emission Matrices of fluorescence (EEMs). The extractionof the different components from these matrices is carried out by a multi–mode factor analysis such asCP/PARAFAC, which allows a spectral composition of the samples. Time-Resolved Laser Spectroscopy (TRLS)measurements allow temporal and spectral characterization of the fluorescent components. Indeed, the study ofthe fluorescence decays induced by a nanosecond pulsed laser in this case allowed to measure the interaction betweenthe OM and the quencher. For those purposes, a fluorescence lifetime deconvolution algorithm was appliedto each fluorescence decay. Analysis of the fluorescence lifetime data was accomplished using the Stern–Volmerplot which gave reliable information on the quenching process that takes place. Copper, europium and uraniuminteractions with Humic Acids (HA) and Fulvic Acids (FA) shows significant fluorescence decays and stabilityconstants between 2.04 and 4.52. Copper allowed to calibrate our model study and the interactions of europiumand uranium with the HA and FA studied reported stability constants in agreement with the literature. TRLSresults have often revealed a bi–exponential decays and fluorescence lifetimes between 0.40 and 14 ns and showsthat the studied interactions mainly lead to static quenching and thus the formation of a molecular complex inthe ground state. This study has allowed spectral and temporal characterization to determine organic matterinteraction with toxic metals.
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Ayoub Nouhi. Caractérisation Spectrale et Temporelle par Quenching de Fluorescence des Interactions Matière Organique-Eléments Métalliques. Chimie-Physique [physics.chem-ph]. Université de Toulon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOUL0017⟩. ⟨tel-01838456⟩



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