A l'Est quoi de nouveau ? L'exploitation technique de l'élan en Russie centrale au cours de la transition entre pécheurs-chasseurs-cueilleurs sans céramique ("Mésolithique récent") et avec céramique ("Néolithique ancien")

Abstract : This research covers the period between 7000 and 5500 cal. BC and deals with communities of non­ceramic-using (Late Mesolithic) and ceramic-using (Early Neolithic) hunter-gatherer-fishers in Central Russia. At the beginning of the Atlantic period, the non-ceramic-using groups in this area became less mobile as they took advantage of a rich environment. The first fisheries were set up during this settling process as early as 6200 BC, even before the appearance of ceramics. Hard animal material dominates among the equipment on these sites, which is why we have decided to make it the subject matter of our study. From a diachronic point of view, the technological analyses of this equipment have enabled us to define working modalities for hard animal materials and to demonstrate a clearly differentiated use of moose bones, antlers and teeth at Zamostje 2. To achieve this, we used both a classic technological approach and an experimental method aimed at better characterizing the splitting techniques that were often used in these settings. Finally, these results have enabled us to highlight various typological, technical and economical evolutions and, on this basis, to propose assumptions about the organization of the societies in question, including their progressive specialization in the making of bone weapons. We have also been able to establish a new chronological seriation.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01834970, version 2

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Julien Treuillot. A l'Est quoi de nouveau ? L'exploitation technique de l'élan en Russie centrale au cours de la transition entre pécheurs-chasseurs-cueilleurs sans céramique ("Mésolithique récent") et avec céramique ("Néolithique ancien"). Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA01H062⟩. ⟨tel-01834970v2⟩

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