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Les effets de la répartition non-uniforme des fibres sur la propagation des fissures á l’interface fibre/matrice dans les matériaux composites

Abstract : In the presence thesis, the growth of fiber/matrix interface debond of a UD composite with hexagonal fiber packing under longitudinal and transverse tensile loading was investigated numerically, with the special focus on the influence of neighboring fibers on its growth. In the current study, energy release rate (ERR) is considered as the driving force for debond growth and was calculated based on J Integral and Virtual Crack Closure Technique (VCCT) using finite element software ANSYS. In the present thesis research, we started with investigating the influence of neighboring fibers on ERR of a debond emanating from a fiber break in longitudinal loading condition. In longitudinal loading case, debond growth is mode II dominated. As the starting point for the research, an axisymmetric model consisting 5 concentric cylinders that represent broken fiber with debond, surrounding matrix, neighboring fibers, surrounding matrix and effective composites was generated. It’s found that there are two stages of debond growth, the first stage is when debond length is short, the ERR decreases with increasing debond angle, and the presence of neighboring significantly increase the ERR of debond. For relatively long debond, the debond is in a steady state growth region when ERR is almost constant regardless of debond length. In steady state of debond growth, the presence of neighboring fibers have little effect on the ERR. In the later research, a 3-D model was generated with broken fiber and its 6 nearest fibers in a hexagonal packed UD composite were modelled explicitly, surrounded by the homogenized composite. Based on the obtained results, it’s shown that ERR is varying along debond front, and has its maximum at the circumferential location where the distance between two fiber center is the smallest. This indicates the debond front is not a circle. For steady state debond, the presence of fibers have little effect on ERR that averages along debond front. For short debond, the presence of fibers increases the averaged ERRS, and that the increase is more significant when inter-fiber distance are the smallest. When we conclude our investigation on fiber/matrix debonding under longitudinal loading, we began studying the growth of a fiber/matrix debond along fiber circumference under transverse loading. It’s found that debond growth is mixed-mode, and both mode I and mode II ERR components increase with increasing debond angle and then decreases. Debond growth is mode I dominated for small debond angle and then switch to mode II dominated. The presence of neighboring fibers have an enhancement effect on debond growth up to certain small debond angle and then changes to a protective effect. Finally, the interaction between two arc-size debond under transverse loading is investigated. It’s found that when two debonds are close to each other, the interaction between two debond becomes much stronger, and that interaction leads to the increase of ERR of each debond significantly, which facilitates further debond growth for both debond
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 10, 2018 - 5:45:07 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01834667, version 1

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Linqi Zhuang. Les effets de la répartition non-uniforme des fibres sur la propagation des fissures á l’interface fibre/matrice dans les matériaux composites. Matériaux. Université de Lorraine; Université de technologie de Luleå (Suède), 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0321⟩. ⟨tel-01834667⟩

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