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Mécanismes de régulation post-transcriptionnelle de l'expression des mucines par la galectine-3

Abstract : Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is characterized by a neo expression of the membrane-bound mucin MUC4 and an overexpression of membrane-bound mucins MUC1 and MUC16. These high molecular weight O-glycoproteins are encoded by mRNA sharing unusual features among human transcripts, such as a long half-life and a very large size. Galectin-3, an endogenous lectin frequently over-expressed in pancreatic cancer, has many biological functions, especially in intracellular glycoprotein trafficking and pre-mRNA splicing. However, the involvement of this lectin in another step of mRNA life cycle has not been explored in literature yet. Previous works performed in the laboratory have demonstrated that LGALS3 gene knock-down in a human cancerous pancreatic cancer cell line is followed by a decrease of the expression of several membrane-bound mucin mRNAs. The aim of this present work was to study the mechanism of the regulation of mucins expression, especially for MUC4, by galectin-3.We have demonstrated that galectin-3, in vitro, regulates MUC4 expression at the post-transcriptionnal level through the stabilization of the transcripts of this mucin. Galectin-3 potentiates the binding of hnRNP-L, a RNA-Binding protein, on the CA repeat region present in MUC4 3’UTR. Our results show that this regulation occurs physiologically in vivo in mice digestive epithelial tissues. Moreover, we have demonstrated that galectin-3 interacts with hnRNP-L in cell cytoplasm but scarcely with protein markers of P-Bodies or stress granules markers. Regarding the influence of galectin-3 in mRNA life cycle, our results suggest that it binds to mature MUC4 transcripts in the perinuclear area, probably in storage granules whose type should to be determined. We have also broadened our results by studying this lectin’s involvement in the metabolism of other mRNA. Our analyzes suggest that galectin-3 could be involved in the positive or negative post-transcriptionnal regulation of a mRNA subset whose functions are linked to unfolded protein response (UPR) and Endoplasmic-reticulum-associated protein degradation (ERAD) pathways, but also more generally towards protein processing in response to endoplasmic reticulum stress.In conclusion, our work highlights a new function for galectin-3 as a RNA binding protein in the stabilization of MUC4 mRNA, but also a new function in the coordination of the expression of repertories of mature transcripts with shared functions or (RNA regulon) allowing morphological, biological and metabolic cell adaptation to physiopathological changes. These results strengthen the interplay between mucins, galectin-3 and cellular functions which are disturbed in cancer.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01832522, version 1

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Lucie Coppin. Mécanismes de régulation post-transcriptionnelle de l'expression des mucines par la galectine-3. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université du Droit et de la Santé - Lille II, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LIL2S008⟩. ⟨tel-01832522⟩

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