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Iwasawa algebras for p-adic Lie groups and Galois groups

Abstract : A key tool in p-adic representation theory is the Iwasawa algebra, originally constructed by Iwasawa in 1960's to study the class groups of number fields. Since then, it appeared in varied settings such as Lazard's work on p-adic Lie groups and Fontaine's work on local Galois representations. For a prime p, the Iwasawa algebra of a p-adic Lie group G, is a non-commutative completed group algebra of G which is also the algebra of p-adic measures on G. It is a general principle that objects coming from semi-simple, simply connected (split) groups have explicit presentations like Serre's presentation of semi-simple algebras and Steinberg's presentation of Chevalley groups as noticed by Clozel. In Part I, we lay the foundation by giving an explicit description of certain Iwasawa algebras. We first find an explicit presentation (by generators and relations) of the Iwasawa algebra for the principal congruence subgroup of any semi-simple, simply connected Chevalley group over Z_p. Furthermore, we extend the method to give a set of generators and relations for the Iwasawa algebra of the pro-p Iwahori subgroup of GL(n,Z_p). The base change map between the Iwasawa algebras over an extension of Q_p motivates us to study the globally analytic p-adic representations following Emerton's work. We also provide results concerning the globally analytic induced principal series representation under the action of the pro-p Iwahori subgroup of GL(n,Z_p) and determine its condition of irreducibility. In Part II, we do numerical experiments using a computer algebra system SAGE which give heuristic support to Greenberg's p-rationality conjecture affirming the existence of "p-rational" number fields with Galois groups (Z/2Z)^t. The p-rational fields are algebraic number fields whose Galois cohomology is particularly simple and they offer ways of constructing Galois representations with big open images. We go beyond Greenberg's work and construct new Galois representations of the absolute Galois group of Q with big open images in reductive groups over Z_p (ex. GL(n, Z_p), SL(n, Z_p), SO(n, Z_p), Sp(2n, Z_p)). We are proving results which show the existence of p-adic Lie extensions of Q where the Galois group corresponds to a certain specific p-adic Lie algebra (ex. sl(n), so(n), sp(2n)). This relates our work with a more general and classical inverse Galois problem for p-adic Lie extensions.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 6, 2018 - 2:59:05 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 8, 2020 - 3:42:08 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01832063, version 1


Jishnu Ray. Iwasawa algebras for p-adic Lie groups and Galois groups. Number Theory [math.NT]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS189⟩. ⟨tel-01832063⟩



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