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Theses

Large deviations problems for random matrices

Abstract : This thesis falls within the theory of random matrices and large deviations techniques. We mainly consider large deviations problems which involve a heavy-tail phenomenon. In a first phase, we will focus on finding concentration inequalities for different spectral functionals which reflect their large deviations behavior, for random Hermitian matrices satisfying a concentration property indexed by some alpha ∈ (0,2]. Then we will present the large deviations principle we obtained for the largest eigenvalue of Wigner matrices without Gaussian tails, in line with the work of Bordenave and Caputo. Another example of heavy-tail phenomenon is given by the large deviations of traces of random matrices which we investigate in three cases: the case of beta-ensembles, of Gaussian Wigner matrices, and the case of Wigner matrices without Gaussian tails. The Gaussian case was the opportunity to revisit Borell and Ledoux's proof of the large deviations of Wiener chaoses, which we investigate further by proposing a general large deviations statement, allowing us to give another proof of the large deviations principles known for the Wigner matrices without Gaussian tail. Finally, we give a new proof of the large deviations principles for the beta-ensembles with a quadratic potential, which relies only on the tridiagonal representation of these models. In particular, this result gives a proof of the large deviations of the GUE and GOE which does not rely on the knowledge of the law of the spectrum.
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Fanny Augeri. Large deviations problems for random matrices. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU30075⟩. ⟨tel-01831672⟩

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