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Le statut et le rôle de l’État algérien dans l’économie : rupture et continuité

Abstract : The classifications hitherto distinguished between the interventionist and the dirigiste states of the liberal states. But this distinction is strongly marked ideologically, which prevents a neutral visibility of public action. That is all the difficulty and complexity of the issue. Today, the role and missions of the State seem to be more marked by the challenges of globalization, which impose on the State guidelines in the economic, social and political spheres around principles such as disengagement, Decentralization, pluralism, respect for human rights, efficiency, good governance ... etc. But what about Algeria?In reality, whether it be for Algeria or the countries of the Third World summoned to effect their mutation, live these challenges in a paradoxical way in view of the process of formation of the States remains unfinished, the important role they have had to assume After their independence to achieve both national unity and economic and social integration and under the weakness of social economic actors and underdevelopment. Algeria lives these paradoxes as a former colonized country, a former country with a directed economy and, above all, a country with an oil rent, where the action of the State is constantly sought. Moreover, political choices prevail and often supplant economic choices. It is therefore a particular conception of the role of the State which is not necessarily linked to an ideological choice but rather corresponds to an objective reality.From this perspective, it can be argued that since the adoption of the 1989 Constitution, which announced the break with the old political and economic system, the role and tasks of the Algerian State in the economic field have evolved into a new Model? Has the entrepreneurial state withdrawn in favor of the regulating State? Will the process of economic reforms give the state a new status in economic matters?
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Amina Mernache. Le statut et le rôle de l’État algérien dans l’économie : rupture et continuité. Droit. Université Paris-Est, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC0075⟩. ⟨tel-01830500⟩

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