J. Nelson and . Mater, References, vol.14, issue.110, pp.462-470, 2011.

A. J. Heeger, Adv. Mater, vol.2014, issue.261, pp.10-28

Y. Huang, E. J. Kramer, A. J. Heeger, and G. C. Bazan, Chem. Rev, vol.2014, issue.1141411, pp.7006-7043, 2007.

P. E. Shaw, A. Ruseckas, and I. D. Samuel, Exciton Diffusion Measurements in Poly(3-hexylthiophene), Advanced Materials, vol.19, issue.77, pp.3516-3520, 2008.
DOI : 10.1002/adma.200800982

K. M. Coakley and M. D. Mcgehee, Conjugated Polymer Photovoltaic Cells, Chemistry of Materials, vol.16, issue.23, pp.4533-4542, 2004.
DOI : 10.1021/cm049654n

M. Shah, V. Ganesan, and . Macromolecules, , pp.543-552, 2010.

R. Segalman, B. Mcculloch, S. Kirmayer, J. J. Urban, and . Macromolecules, , pp.42-9205, 2009.

S. B. Darling, Block copolymers for photovoltaics, Energy & Environmental Science, vol.41, issue.12, p.1266, 2009.
DOI : 10.1021/ma901420h

I. Botiz, S. B. Darling, and . Macromolecules, , pp.8211-8217, 2009.

F. S. Bates and G. H. Fredrickson, Block Copolymer Thermodynamics: Theory and Experiment, Annual Review of Physical Chemistry, vol.41, issue.1, pp.525-557, 1990.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.pc.41.100190.002521

C. Sinturel, F. S. Bates, M. A. Hillmyer, . Acs-macro, and . Lett, , pp.1044-1050, 2015.

T. Russell, R. H. Jr, and P. Seeger, Temperature dependence of the interaction parameter of polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate), Macromolecules, vol.23, issue.3, pp.890-893, 1990.
DOI : 10.1021/ma00205a033

T. Xu, H. C. Kim, J. Derouchey, C. Seney, C. Levesque et al., , pp.42-9091, 2001.

K. Aissou, I. Otsuka, C. Rochas, S. Fort, S. Halila et al., , pp.4098-4103, 2011.

J. D. Cushen, I. Otsuka, C. M. Bates, S. Halila, S. Fort et al., ACS Nano, vol.2012, issue.64, pp.3424-3433

I. Otsuka, T. Isono, C. Rochas, S. Halila, S. Fort et al., , pp.1-1379, 2012.

I. Otsuka, S. Tallegas, Y. Sakai, C. Rochas, S. Halila et al., Nanoscale, vol.2013, issue.57, pp.2637-2641

I. Otsuka, Y. Kondo, S. Halila, S. Fort, C. Rochas et al., Macromolecules, vol.2013, issue.464, pp.1461-1469

R. D. Mccullough, The Chemistry of Conducting Polythiophenes, Advanced Materials, vol.10, issue.2, pp.93-116, 1998.
DOI : 10.1002/(SICI)1521-4095(199801)10:2<93::AID-ADMA93>3.0.CO;2-F

J. Peet, A. J. Heeger, and G. C. Bazan, Acc. Chem. Res, issue.1711, pp.42-1700, 2009.

G. Wang, J. Swensen, D. Moses, and A. J. Heeger, J. Appl. Phys, issue.10, pp.93-6137, 2003.

M. Jeffries-el, G. Sauvé, and R. D. Mccullough, Facile Synthesis of End-Functionalized Regioregular Poly(3-alkylthiophene)s via Modified Grignard Metathesis Reaction, Macromolecules, vol.38, issue.25, pp.10346-10352, 2005.
DOI : 10.1021/ma051096q

J. F. Chang, B. Sun, D. W. Breiby, M. M. Nielsen, T. I. Sölling et al., Chem. Mater, issue.23, pp.16-4772, 2004.

R. D. Mccullough and R. D. Lowe, J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun, issue.70, pp.70-72, 1992.

K. Tamao, K. Sumitani, and M. Kumada, J. Am. Chem. Soc, issue.12, pp.94-4374, 1972.

T. A. Chen and R. D. Rieke, The first regioregular head-to-tail poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) and a regiorandom isopolymer: nickel versus palladium catalysis of 2(5)-bromo-5(2)-(bromozincio)-3-hexylthiophene polymerization, Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol.114, issue.25, pp.10087-10088, 1992.
DOI : 10.1021/ja00051a066

R. D. Rieke, Preparation of highly reactive metal powders and their use in organic and organometallic synthesis, Accounts of Chemical Research, vol.10, issue.8, pp.301-306, 1977.
DOI : 10.1021/ar50116a005

R. S. Loewe, S. M. Khersonsky, and R. D. Mccullough, A Simple Method to Prepare Head-to-Tail Coupled, Regioregular Poly(3-alkylthiophenes) Using Grignard Metathesis, Advanced Materials, vol.11, issue.3, pp.250-253, 1999.
DOI : 10.1002/(SICI)1521-4095(199903)11:3<250::AID-ADMA250>3.0.CO;2-J

R. S. Loewe, P. C. Ewbank, J. Liu, L. Zhai, R. D. Mccullough et al., , pp.4324-4333, 2001.

R. Miyakoshi, A. Yokoyama, and T. Yokozawa, Catalyst-Transfer Polycondensation. Mechanism of Ni-Catalyzed Chain-Growth Polymerization Leading to Well-Defined Poly(3-hexylthiophene), Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol.127, issue.49, pp.17542-17547, 2005.
DOI : 10.1021/ja0556880

A. Smeets, K. Van-den-bergh, J. De-winter, and P. Gerbaux, Macromolecules, issue.20, pp.42-7638, 2009.

J. Liu and R. D. Mccullough, End Group Modification of Regioregular Polythiophene through Postpolymerization Functionalization, Macromolecules, vol.35, issue.27, pp.9882-9889, 2002.
DOI : 10.1021/ma021362p

R. H. Lohwasser, M. Thelakkat, and . Macromolecules, , pp.7611-7616, 2010.

S. J. Mougnier, C. Brochon, E. Cloutet, G. Fleury, and H. Cramail,

, Macromol. Rapid Commun, vol.2012, issue.338, pp.703-709

J. Park, H. C. Moon, and J. K. Kim, J. Polym. Sci. Part A Polym. Chem, vol.2013, issue.10, pp.51-2225

B. M. Langeveld-voss, R. A. Janssen, A. J. Spiering, J. L. Dongen, and . Van,

E. C. Vonk and H. A. Claessens, Chem. Commun, pp.81-82, 2000.

C. Kochemba, W. M. Kilbey, S. M. Pickel, and D. L. , J. Polym. Sci. Part A Polym. Chem, vol.2012, issue.3414, pp.50-2762

F. Echegoyen and L. E. Diederich, Chem. Phys. Technol, 2000.

, Inc, pp.1-51

S. Sariciftci and A. J. Heeger, Org. Conduct. Mol. Polym, issue.1 8, 1997.

C. J. Brabec, G. Zerza, G. Cerullo, S. De-silvestri, and S. Luzzati, Hummelen, J. C

S. Sariciftci, Chem. Phys. Lett, vol.34034, pp.232-236, 2001.

E. Helfand and . Macromolecules, , pp.552-556, 1975.

L. Leibler and . Macromolecules, , pp.1602-1617, 1980.

T. Hashimoto, M. Shibayama, H. Kawai, and . Macromolecules, , pp.1237-1247, 1980.

T. Ohta and K. Kawasaki, Equilibrium morphology of block copolymer melts, Macromolecules, vol.19, issue.10, pp.2621-2632, 1986.
DOI : 10.1021/ma00164a028

F. S. Bates and G. H. Fredrickson, Block Copolymer Thermodynamics: Theory and Experiment, Annual Review of Physical Chemistry, vol.41, issue.1, pp.525-557, 1990.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.pc.41.100190.002521

S. B. Darling, Directing the self-assembly of block copolymers, Progress in Polymer Science, vol.32, issue.10, pp.1152-1204, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2007.05.004

F. S. Bates, G. H. Fredrickson, E. Sivaniah, Y. Hayashi, S. Matsubara et al., Block Copolymers???Designer Soft Materials, Physics Today, vol.73, issue.2, pp.32-45, 1999.
DOI : 10.1021/ma00093a006

E. J. Kramer, T. Mates, and . Macromolecules, , pp.1837-1849, 2005.

Y. Matsushita, K. Mori, R. Saguchi, and Y. Nakao, Molecular weight dependence of lamellar domain spacing of diblock copolymers in bulk, Macromolecules, vol.23, issue.19, pp.4313-4316, 1990.
DOI : 10.1021/ma00221a019

G. Hadziioannou, A. Skoulios, and . Macromolecules, , pp.258-262, 1982.

G. Coulon, T. P. Russell, V. R. Deline, and P. Green, Surface-induced orientation of symmetric, diblock copolymers: a secondary ion mass-spectrometry study, Macromolecules, vol.22, issue.6, pp.2581-2589, 1989.
DOI : 10.1021/ma00196a006

C. Sinturel, F. S. Bates, M. A. Hillmyer, . Acs-macro, and . Lett, , pp.1044-1050, 2015.

R. Hol?-yst, M. Schick, and C. Barrett, J. Chem. Phys. J. Chem. Phys, vol.96, issue.50110, pp.730-109, 1992.

C. Singh, M. Goulian, A. J. Liu, G. H. Fredrickson, and . Macromolecules, , pp.2974-2986, 1994.

V. Chapter-pryamitsyn, V. Ganesan, B. D. Olsen, and R. A. Segalman, Self-assembly of rod???coil block copolymers, The Journal of Chemical Physics, vol.22, issue.12, pp.5824-5863, 2004.
DOI : 10.1063/1.479732

B. D. Olsen, M. Shah, V. Ganesan, R. A. Segalman, and . Macromolecules, , pp.41-6809, 2008.

.. N. Semenov and S. V. Vasilenko, J. Exp. Theor. Phys, vol.63, issue.561, pp.70-79, 1986.

M. Reenders, G. Ten-brinke, and . Macromolecules, , pp.3266-3280, 2002.

N. Sary, L. Rubatat, C. Brochon, G. Hadziioannou, J. Ruokolainen et al., , pp.6990-6997, 2007.

B. D. Olsen and R. A. Segalman, Structure and Thermodynamics of Weakly Segregated Rod???Coil Block Copolymers, Macromolecules, vol.38, issue.24, pp.10127-10137, 2005.
DOI : 10.1021/ma051468v

B. D. Olsen and R. A. Segalman, Nonlamellar Phases in Asymmetric Rod???Coil Block Copolymers at Increased Segregation Strengths, Macromolecules, vol.40, issue.19, pp.6922-6929, 2007.
DOI : 10.1021/ma070976x

R. J. Ceresa, Polymer (Guildf), pp.213-219, 1961.

G. Ziegast and B. Pfannemüller, Phosphorolytic syntheses with di-, oligo- and multi- functional primers11Linear and Star-Shaped Hybrid Polymers, Part IV. For Part III, see ref. 1., Carbohydrate Research, vol.160, issue.C, pp.185-204, 1987.
DOI : 10.1016/0008-6215(87)80311-7

B. Pfannemuller, M. Schmidt, G. Ziegast, and K. Matsuo, Properties of a once-broken wormlike chain based on amylose tricarbanilate. Light scattering, viscosity, and dielectric relaxation, Macromolecules, vol.17, issue.4, pp.710-716, 1984.
DOI : 10.1021/ma00134a032

K. Loos, R. Stadler, and . Macrocolecules, , pp.7641-7643, 1997.

K. Loos and A. H. Müller, -polystyrene Rod???Coil Block Copolymers, Biomacromolecules, vol.3, issue.2, pp.368-373, 2002.
DOI : 10.1021/bm0156330

C. Houga, J. Meins, . Le, R. Borsali, D. Taton et al., Chem. Commun, issue.66 29, p.3063, 2007.

W. T. Bosker, K. Ágoston, M. A. Cohen-stuart, and W. Norde,

T. M. Slaghek and . Macromolecules, , pp.1982-1987, 2003.

C. Schatz and S. Lecommandoux, Macromol. Rapid Commun, vol.2010, issue.19, pp.31-1664

C. Giacomelli, V. Schmidt, J. L. Putaux, A. Narumi, T. Kakuchi et al., , pp.449-453, 2009.

I. Otsuka, C. Travelet, S. Halila, S. Fort, I. Pignot-paintrand et al., Biomacromolecules, vol.2012, issue.135, pp.1458-1465

S. De-medeiros-modolon, I. Otsuka, S. Fort, E. Minatti, R. Borsali et al., Biomacromolecules, vol.2012, issue.134, pp.1129-1135

C. Otsuka, I. Osaka, M. Sakai, Y. Travelet, C. Putaux et al., , pp.29-15224, 2013.

K. M. Zepon, I. Otsuka, C. Bouilhac, E. C. Muniz, V. Soldi et al., Biomacromolecules, vol.2015, issue.7, pp.16-2012

K. M. Zepon, I. Otsuka, C. Bouilhac, E. C. Muniz, V. Soldi et al., , pp.4538-4545, 2016.

A. Petrelli, R. Borsali, S. Fort, and S. Halila, Chem. Commun, pp.52-12202, 2016.

K. Aissou, I. Otsuka, C. Rochas, S. Fort, S. Halila et al., , pp.4098-4103, 2011.

I. Otsuka, S. Tallegas, Y. Sakai, C. Rochas, S. Halila et al.,

R. Borsali and . Nanoscale, , pp.2637-2641, 2013.

R. Segalman, B. Mcculloch, S. Kirmayer, J. J. Urban, and . Macromolecules, , pp.42-9205, 2009.

I. Botiz, S. B. Darling, and . Mater, Today, vol.2010, issue.135, pp.42-51

D. Cuendias, A. Hiorns, R. C. Cloutet, E. Vignau, L. Cramail et al., Polym. Int, issue.11, pp.59-1452, 2010.

C. L. Liu, C. H. Lin, C. C. Kuo, S. T. Lin, and W. C. Chen, Prog. Polym. Sci, issue.5, pp.36-603, 2011.

P. D. Topham, A. J. Parnell, and R. C. Hiorns, J. Polym. Sci. Part B Polym. Phys, issue.16, pp.49-1131, 2011.

A. Yassar, L. Miozzo, R. Gironda, and G. Horowitz, Prog. Polym. Sci, vol.2013, issue.385, pp.791-844

J. Liu, E. Sheina, T. Kowalewski, and R. D. Mccullough, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed, issue.2, pp.41-329, 2002.

M. C. Iovu, R. Zhang, J. R. Cooper, D. M. Smilgies, A. E. Javier et al.,

T. Kowalewski and R. D. Mccullough, Macromol. Rapid Commun, vol.28, issue.17, pp.1816-1824, 2007.

. Chapter, Nanoscale, vol.2014, issue.64, pp.2194-2200

R. H. Lohwasser, G. Gupta, P. Kohn, M. Sommer, and A. S. Lang,

M. Thelakkat and . Macromolecules, , pp.4403-4410, 2013.

I. Botiz, S. B. Darling, and . Macromolecules, , pp.8211-8217, 2009.

J. Liu, E. Sheina, T. Kowalewski, R. D. Mccullough, C. R. Angew-)-craley et al., Chemie Int, III.8 References, pp.329-340, 2002.

G. Grancharov, O. Coulembier, M. Surin, R. Lazzaroni, P. Dubois et al., , pp.43-8957, 2010.

L. He, S. Pan, and J. Peng, J. Polym. Sci. Part B Polym. Phys, vol.2016, issue.545, pp.544-551

S. H. Kim, M. J. Misner, T. Xu, M. Kimura, and T. P. Russell, Adv. Mater. ACS Nano, vol.16, issue.56, pp.226-231, 2004.

K. W. Gotrik, A. F. Hannon, J. G. Son, B. Keller, A. Alexander-katz et al., ACS Nano, vol.2012, issue.69, pp.8052-8059

J. D. Cushen, I. Otsuka, C. M. Bates, S. Halila, S. Fort et al., ACS Nano, vol.2012, issue.64, pp.3424-3433

I. Otsuka, S. Tallegas, Y. Sakai, C. Rochas, S. Halila et al., Nanoscale, vol.2013, issue.57, pp.2637-2641

I. Otsuka, Y. Zhang, T. Isono, C. Rochas, T. Kakuchi et al., Macromolecules, vol.2015, issue.485, pp.1509-1517

K. Imamura, K. Sakaura, K. I. Ohyama, A. Fukushima, H. Imanaka et al., J. Phys. Chem. B, issue.1231, pp.110-15094, 2006.

N. Kayunkid, S. Uttiya, and M. Brinkmann, Macromolecules, vol.2010, issue.4311, pp.4961-4967

Y. Takahashi, S. Nishikawa, and . Macromolecules, CHAPTER, vol.36, issue.23, pp.8656-8661, 2003.

, A = 1:0.1 (c) D:A = 1:0.5 (d) D:A =, pp.1-7

T. Yasuda, Text. Res. J, vol.62, issue.1, pp.474-480, 1992.

D. Kim, Y. Nishiyama, and M. Wada, , pp.29-33, 2001.

Y. Lin, J. A. Lim, Q. Wei, S. C. Mannsfeld, A. L. Briseno et al., Chem. Mater, vol.2012, issue.3, pp.24-622

U. Stalmach, B. Boer, . De, C. Videlot, P. F. Hutten et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc, issue.423, pp.122-5464, 2000.

R. H. Laiho-;-ras, S. Valkama, J. Ruokolainen, R. Österbacka, and O. Ikkala, Macromolecules, issue.522, pp.39-7648, 2006.

B. W. Knight and F. Wudl, J. Org. Chem, vol.60, issue.621, pp.532-538, 1995.

Q. Wei, T. Nishizawa, K. Tajima, and K. Hashimoto, Self-Organized Buffer Layers in Organic Solar Cells, Advanced Materials, vol.48, issue.11, pp.2211-2216, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-662-05187-0_5

S. Miyanishi, Y. Zhang, K. Hashimoto, and K. Tajima, Macromolecules, vol.2012, issue.4516, pp.6424-6437

G. Paternò, A. J. Warren, J. Spencer, G. Evans, V. G. Sakai et al., 5619. CHAPTER VI: EXPERIMENTAL SECTION calibrated with glycine carboxyl group (176.03 ppm). Infrared (IR) spectra were recorded using a

P. Spectrum and R. Spectrometer, Matrix assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) measurements were performed on a Bruker Daltonics Autoflex apparatus using dithranol as the matrix Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) was performed at 30 °C using a Agilent 390-MDS system (290-LC pump injector, ProStar 510 column oven, 390- MDS refractive index detector) equipped with Knauer Smartline UV detector 2500 and two

, Agilent PLgel 5µm MIXED-D 300 * 7.5 mm columns (Part No: PL1110-6504) in THF at the flow rate of 1

, situ end-functionalization via GRIM polymerization Ethynyl-terminated poly (3-hexylthiophene) (ethynyl-P3HT) was prepared by a modified Grignard metathesis (GRIM) method described in the literature 1 under an argon atmosphere using oven-dried glassware. THF was refluxed and distilled from sodium benzophenone ketyl prior to use In a dry 100 ml Schlenk flask, LiCl (0.83 g, 19.4 mmol, 26 equiv.) was introduced and dissolved in freshly distilled dry THF (37 ml) The solution was stirred under argon at room temperature until LiCl was completely dissolved. Then 2, 5-dibromo-3-hexylthiophene (4 ml, 18.7 mmol, 25 equiv.) and tert-butylmagnesium chloride (9 ml, 18.0 mmol, 24 equiv.) were transferred to the flask via syringe under an argon atmosphere and stirred at room temperature overnight in order to complete the metal-halogen exchange reaction, VI.1.3 Synthesis of P3HT-b-oligosaccharide block copolymers Synthesis of ethynyl-P3HT Method 1: in another dry 500 ml Schlenk flask, p.2

, mmol, 21 equiv.) was stirred vigorously at room temperature. The reaction progress was monitored by TLC (eluent: BuOH, After complete disappearance of the starting material, the mixture was dissolved in MeOH (4ml) and then precipitated into CH 2 Cl 2

, A solution of Ac 2 O in MeOH 50 ml) was added to the solid and stirred for 18 h at room temperature until the TLC (eluent: BuOH/EtOH/H 2 O = 1/3/1) showed complete disappearance of the starting material. The solvent was then removed by co-evaporation with a mixture of toluene and MeOH (1/1) The resulting solid was dissolved in water and lyophilized to afford N-(?- Maltoheptaosyl)-N-(2-azidoethyl)-acetoamide (Mal 7 -NAc-C 2 H 4 -N 3 ) as a white solid (443 mg, 81 %). 1 H-NMR (400 MHz, D 2 O): ? (ppm) 5.47-5.43 (m, 6H, H-1 II-VII ), 5.09, p.7

, 3,4,5,6 I-VII and -CH 2 -CH 2 -N 3 ) and 2, pp.2-3

M. Ms, , pp.2111-2112

, Synthesis of peracetylated azido-functionalized maltoheptaose (AcMal 7 -N 3 )

, 00 g, 83.3 mmol) was peracetylated with acetic anhydride in pyridine (acetic anhydride 30 mL) in the presence of catalytic amount of DMAP. The mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature until the TLC (eluent: ethyl acetate, Mal 7 -N

, The solvent was then evaporated and re-dissolved in ethyl acetate. The solution was washed with 1M HCl, saturated NaHCO 3 and water. Then the organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na 2 SO 4 and concentrated by evaporation to afford peracetylated azido-functionalized maltoheptaose (AcMal 7 -N 3 ) as a yellow solid (1.52 g, 86%). 1 H-NMR (400 MHz, showed complete disappearance of the starting material, pp.6-18

, MALDI-TOF MS (m/z): calcd for [M+Na] + : 2124.61, found: 2124, pp.2120-2121

, Chapter