Synthèse de nanocomposites Fe/C/N par pyrolyse laser comme électrocatalyseurs pour la réduction de l’oxygène.

Abstract : Nanostructured Iron-nitrogen-carbon (Fe/N/C) electrocatalysts is a good substitute for platinum in acidic fuel cells. Laser pyrolysis synthesis allows to obtain iron nanocomposites (Fe/N/C). The reaction involves two iron precursors, FeOOH and Fe(acac)3, combined with pyridine (and possibly methylimidazole) in the presence of NH3. The effect of large range variations of NH3’s volume fraction (RNH3) in the reactions is studied. Physicochemical properties of the materials increase monotonically with RNH3. XPS analysis shows that an iron nitride phase appears when RNH3 increase, and electrochemical analysis shows that materials with this iron nitride phase are the most active ones. These results suggest that iron nitride presence triggers the formation of active sites for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR).Finally, we synthetize new Fe/N/C, or N/C materials using toluene (mixed with pyridine or methylimidazole) in the presence or absence of Fe(acac)3. The obtained Fe/N/C materials are more active than the N/C materials which indicates that iron plays a role in the presence of active sites for the ORR. Annealing under Ar or NH3 at a temperature of 1100°C increases the activity of all the materials. This improvement is due to the suppression of inactive nitrogen sites, and the transformation of some pyridinic sites to graphitic sites. Annealing under NH3 is more effective under Ar beacuse of the increase of the specific surface area (Sspe max > 1100 m2/g). For the same material annealed under Ar versus NH3, the selectivity (n) of the ORR goes from 3.70 up to 3.93 e- respectively. The most active one reaches Edep > 950 mV/ENH.
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Virginie Jorda. Synthèse de nanocomposites Fe/C/N par pyrolyse laser comme électrocatalyseurs pour la réduction de l’oxygène.. Chimie théorique et/ou physique. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLV012⟩. ⟨tel-01830059⟩

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