Circulations transnationales et transformations de l’action publique : la mobilisation des sciences comportementales dans la politique énergétique japonaise (2010-2016)

Abstract : In recent years, changing individual behaviours has become a key issue for public policy, which has been mobilising new bodies of knowledge, namely behavioural sciences. These are explicitly and increasingly used in Japan’s energy policy in order to lower household energy consumption, in the context of both the Fukushima nuclear disaster and the liberalisation of the energy markets. My dissertation investigates the explanatory factors and the implementation of this significant change in a policy domain which was so far marked by a techno-economic approach paying little attention to behavioural issues. Drawing on theoretical and methodological perspectives from public policy analysis and policy transfer studies, I analyse the genesis and the implementation of two large-scale programs: first, the smart grid social experiments named Smart Communities; second, the Opower’s Home Energy Reports pilot study. Building on about eighty semi-structured interviews and on a wide variety of written sources, I emphasise the major role played by transnational circulations in the design and the implementation of these programs, and more broadly in Japan’s energy policy.I argue that the mobilisation of behavioural sciences in Japan’s energy policy results from manifolds factors which question the opposition between the endogenous and exogenous nature of policy change, as well as the distinction between domestic and extranational factors. Indeed, the use of this body of knowledge can be explained by the strategies of a few stakeholders who achieved to introduce new policy ideas and tools coming from abroad, in response to issues faced by the Japanese Government. Through a micro-sociological analysis of their strategies, I suggest to endogenize the explanation of policy change while integrating exogenous factors and extranational dynamics. The mobilisation of behavioural sciences in Japan’s energy policy results inseparably from the expansion of this body of knowledge in academia and in public policy in the US and in Europe; from the strategies of transnational, Japanese and American stakeholders; and from the stringency of climate and energy problems in Japan. The US plays a central role in the transnational circulation of behavioural sciences in the energy field, which can be explained by the “practical” and “consensual” dimension of these sciences.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01829040
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 3, 2018 - 4:42:22 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 14, 2018 - 1:19:37 AM
Long-term archiving on : Monday, October 1, 2018 - 10:32:39 AM

File

granier_b_these_udl.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01829040, version 1

Citation

Benoit Granier. Circulations transnationales et transformations de l’action publique : la mobilisation des sciences comportementales dans la politique énergétique japonaise (2010-2016). Science politique. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE2046⟩. ⟨tel-01829040⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

338

Files downloads

280