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Hydrodynamics, Mass Transfer and Mixing induced by Bubble Plumes in Viscous Fluids

Abstract : This work is an experimental investigation on hydrodynamics, mass transfer and mixing induced by a bubble plume. In chemical engineering, people are often confronted to mixing problems of liquid and gas to create chemical or biochemical reactions. Most of the time, bubble column of big height compared to its diameter are used for such kind or processes.But there are also situations using large scale reactors like tanks for methanization or wastewater treatment. In such configurations, spargers must be adapted to reactor dimensions and fluid properties. This particularly important for methanization reactors since fluid properties are changing continuously during the fermentation. In order to understand hydrodynamics, mass transfer and mixing it is easier to study one single bubble swarm, or so called bubble plume, first.Different experiments were figured out in two different columns types. First one is a pseudo two dimensional column (6cm * 35 cm * 130cm ) allowing the application of optical metrological methods. Hence, the gas phase was studied via shadowgraphy and the liquid phase via PIV. Plus, light intensity measurements after dye injection were done. Besides, pressure sensors and oxygen probes were used.In this way, one could study the oscillating behavior, the corresponding characteristic frequency, mass transfer and mixing time scales. In order to analyze fluid properties, a copolymer called Breox was used. Plus, two different spargers generating different bubble shapes and sizes were applied to estimate their impact. Additional experiments in a cylindrical bubble column were performed at the HDZR in Germany. The same fluids and the same spargers were used to compare results from both geometries. Due to the difficulty to apply optical methods, a Wire-Mesh system recently developed at the HZDR was used to follow the bubble plume movement. Finally, first CFD simulations showing encouraging results are presented at the end of the manuscript.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01828838, version 1

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David Laupsien. Hydrodynamics, Mass Transfer and Mixing induced by Bubble Plumes in Viscous Fluids. Fluid Dynamics [physics.flu-dyn]. INSA de Toulouse, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017ISAT0023⟩. ⟨tel-01828838⟩

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