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Education et politiques chez Danilo Dolci : étude sur le projet politico-pédagogique de Danilo Dolci dans la formation de la démocratie italienne

Abstract : Nowadays Danilo Dolci’s political and pedagogical work seems consigned to oblivion. Although his political initiatives, his passion for the problems of education, his books and articles have spread his fame around the world, leading him to obtain national and international rewards, although his ideas and engagement have contributed to build especially innovative collective processes during the First Italian Republic – that is, the period between 1948 and 1991 – his work remains not well known yet.However, since his youth, Dolci devoted himself to basic education, aiming at mobilising and emancipating the poorest classes in one of the most underdeveloped Italian regions: Sicily. But he also dealt with many issues outside Sicily, in Italy and abroad, operating in various contexts, which makes sometimes difficult to reconstruct the coherence of his trajectory and contributions.In our opinion, Dolci’s work is structured according to a number of convictions: the progress of the society depends on some specific material and immaterial factors that, in certain areas, don’t develop because other factors take place in the opposite direction. Therefore in these areas it is necessary to develop the essential factors for progress with methods that differ from those applied in the areas where the progress prevailed historically. When I talk of “progress” I basically mean a material and immaterial development toward a genuine democracy, a process whose principles, values, rules and procedures could be chosen by the biggest number of persons, and could be enacted and respected by both the citizens and the administrators. So Dolci seems exactly proposing a specific practice to enhance the already existing democratic practices and, at the same time, to mobilise the less politicised population groups and let them repossess those practices, joining the level of those who use them regularly and fighting those who don’t respect them. Dolci calls this practise “reciprocal or group maieutics”. I have tried to understand how he came to conceive of such a method – which makes him a real “pedagogue” – and how it can foster the emergence, the building and the development of democratic practices.This is the reason why I drew a “conceptual map” of his thought, first on a diachronic level and secondly on a synchronic level, which led me to outline a general presentation of the relationship between education and politics in Dolci
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Antonio Fiscarelli. Education et politiques chez Danilo Dolci : étude sur le projet politico-pédagogique de Danilo Dolci dans la formation de la démocratie italienne. Education. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE2016⟩. ⟨tel-01827824⟩

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