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Conception et optimisation de piles enzymatiques glucose-O2 pour la gestion de puissance

Abstract : This work is devoted to the optimization of the enzymatic connection for the oxidation of glucose and the reduction of dioxygen in a matrix of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in the form of compression in glucose biofuel cells, and the assembly of biofuel cells in a flow system.First, mediated electron transfer of glucose oxidase (GOx) and FAD-dependent glucose dehydrogenase (FADGDH) is optimized in a nanostructured CNTs matrix containing different redox mediators. These bioanodes could be combined with similar biocathodes with copper enzyme bases, laccase (Lac) and bilirubin oxidase (BOD). The GOx-NQ/Lac biofuel cell has a power of the order of 150 μW under 150 mmol L-1 of glucose and the biofuel cell GOx-NQ/BOD oriented by the PP IX, order of 0.5 mW under 5 mmol L-1 of glucose. This biofuel cell presents a very good alternative to the implantable or to the supply of an electronic device with low energy demand.The next part concerns the development of a biofuel cell design with flux optimizing the diffusion of the substrate inside the bioelectrode. As a result, several GOx-NQ/BOD flow systems have been studied. The flow-through configuration made it possible to obtain a power of the order of 1 mW under 5 mmol L-1 of glucose and dissolved oxygen. The possibility of using this battery in continuous discharge or in charge/discharge cycle has been studied. This biofuel cell system with a glucose flow has also made it possible to associate several biofuel cells in series or in parallel. Thus, the power supply of a timer and an ovulation test could be realised using associated biofuel cells in series. The use of an energy management circuit made it possible to supply a temperature sensor by storing the energy produced by two biofuel cells connected in series.Moreover, this part is about another biofuel cell based on the association of HRP with the cathode and the GOx-NQ at the anode. This system is very interesting because, thanks to the control of the flow direction of our substrate, the hydrogen peroxide formed by the anode can then be consumed by the cathode. This stack was perfectly operational in physiological condition and led to the achievement of powers of the order of 0.8 mW.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01827016, version 1

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Caroline Abreu. Conception et optimisation de piles enzymatiques glucose-O2 pour la gestion de puissance. Autre. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSEC052⟩. ⟨tel-01827016⟩

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