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L'humour dans les interactions sociales homme-robot

Abstract : This doctoral dissertation is about the improvement of social capacities of a conversationnal system to interact with humans. When the system is not dedicated to one particular task, it must take into account the inherent difficulties of social interaction it-self. Humor is a natural mechanism present in social interactions. We consider humour in a robotic system as a simulation of simplified behaviors from human humor : derision, jokes, puns. This work is based on theories issued from various research domains as sociology, psychology, neurosciences and linguistics to enable integration of humor in a robotic system. Implemented in some dialog systems, humorous capacities are however rarely used when programming the robot’s behavior. In our study, the humourous behavior is implemented in the system by using the ritual theory of face-work. The face analysis of the interlocutor can be used to direct the robot’s reactions during a casual humorous talk. In order to evaluate the faces of participants in interaction, we study, using data collections created for this purpose, the participant’s behavior, emotionnal and expressive responses to different types of humor (humorous act targeting the robot, the participant or a neutral subject). Participant's reaction to humor are made upon a multi-level processing of emotionnal, linguistic and behavioral cues.Machine learning is used to extract rules defining appreciation or not and update the participant's face evaluation in regards of the humorous act produced by the robot. An implementation of these rules in an automatic dialog system allows us to evaluate their accuracy. Numerous experiments were carried out on various populations : elderly persons, adults, teenagers. Finally, the use of the participant’s preferences in the conversation raises ethical questions, in particular against the persuasive and manipulative power of humor.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01826449
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Submitted on : Friday, June 29, 2018 - 2:10:09 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 14, 2021 - 9:18:41 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 27, 2018 - 7:22:09 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01826449, version 1

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Lucile Béchade. L'humour dans les interactions sociales homme-robot. Informatique et langage [cs.CL]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS077⟩. ⟨tel-01826449⟩

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