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L'étude du rôle et de l'expression de la protéine autophagique GABARAPL1 dans le système nerveux central et dans des modèles de cellules neuronales

Abstract : The gec1/gabarapl1 gene (glandular epithelial cell 1/gabarap like 1), identified within our team, is a gene related to the atg8 (autophagy related gene 8) family and the gabarap  (GABAA  receptor-­‐associated  protein)  subfamily  of  genes  including  gabarap,  gabarapl1, gabarapl2 and gabarapl3. The protein products of these genes present a very  strong  sequence  identity  and  are  structurally  similar.  The  gabarapl1  gene  is  expressed preferentially in the central nervous system, in which it is the most highly expressed  transcript  of  the  atg8  family.  Functional  studies  have  shown  that  the  GABARAPL1 protein is involved in intracellular trafficking of receptors, in particular the  GABAA  receptor  and  the  κ-­‐opioid  receptor,  via  its  interaction  with  cytoskeletal  elements. The role of this protein, however, is clearly not limited to the transport. Our team has also recently shown that GABARAPL1 is involved in the autophagic process, a cellular degradation mechanism. My  thesis  objectives  were  three-­‐tiered:  (1)  the  study  of  the  specificity  of  anti-­‐GABARAPL1 antibodies, (2) the detailed mapping of GABARAPL1 expression in the mouse  brain  and  (3)  the  study  of  GABARAPL1  overexpression  under  conditions  of  mitochondrial stress in an in vitro neuronal model. Given the high homology between GABARAPL1 and GABARAP, no commercially available  specific  antibody  was  available  when  we  started  my  research  project.  As  such, we conducted a study on the specificity of different commercially available anti-­‐GABARAPL1 antibodies and identified an antibody that specifically recognized this protein in vitro and in vivo experiments. With this specific antibody, we then undertook a study of the in vivo expression of the GABARAPL1 protein in the adult mouse central nervous system and throughout embryonic development. In this study, we demonstrate that GABARAPL1 is expressed in immature neurons and neural fibers in the embryo from the 11th day of embryonic development and its expression gradually increases to a maximum in adults. In adults, GABARAPL1 is expressed in neurons, in particular, in those involved in motor control and  neuroendocrine  functions.  The  punctate  labeling  of  GABARAPL1  partially  co-­‐localizes with p62 in primary neuronal cultures, confirming its association with autophagic vesicles in vivo. To  characterize  the  cellular  function  of  GABARAPL1,  we  overexpressed  this  protein in neuronal SK-­‐N-­‐BE (2) cells. The study of our neuronal cell model revealed that  overexpression  of  DsRed-­‐GABARAPL1  appears  to  prime  cells  for  autophagy,  resulting in an earlier induction of autophagy after treatments that induce this processes.  In  addition,  overexpression  of  this  protein  delays  cell  death  in  a  CCCP-­‐induced mitochondrial stress model, suggesting that GABARAPL1 could protect neurons  against  certain  stresses  known  to  contribute  to  the  development  of  neurodegenerative diseases. Together,  this  work  has  identified  a  specific  tool  for  the  immunodetection  of  GABARAPL1, produced a detailed map of GABARAPL1 expression in the developing and  adult  murine  central  nervous  system  and  finally,  demonstrated  a  protective  role  for GABARAPL1 against neuronal death induced by mitochondrial stress.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 28, 2018 - 3:16:09 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 20, 2020 - 11:34:26 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01825694, version 1



Jaclyn Nicole Le Grand. L'étude du rôle et de l'expression de la protéine autophagique GABARAPL1 dans le système nerveux central et dans des modèles de cellules neuronales. Neurobiologie. Université de Franche-Comté, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013BESA3016⟩. ⟨tel-01825694⟩



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