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ROBO4 dans les cellules métastatiques du cancer du sein : identification et caractérisation fonctionnelle d’isoformes protéiques

Abstract : Bone metastases are frequent complications of many cancers such as lung, prostate and breast cancer. In women, 70% of patients with advanced breast cancer develop metastases known as osteolytic. The development of this type of metastasis leads to the mass destruction of bone causing pathological fractures in patients. Current clinical treatments such as bisphosphonates and denosumab (anti-RANKL) only slow the progression of the disease. For this reason, our laboratory is particularly interested in early molecular and cellular events leading to the emergence of bone metastases. Roundabout receptors (ROBO) were initially described as crucial regulators of neuronal and vascular migration during development. ROBO4 is the last receptor described and diverges from other ROBO receptors, in particular by its specific expression and limited to endothelial and hematopoietic cells. However, in a comparative transcriptomic analysis, the ROBO4 receptor was found to be overexpressed in the MDA-B02 osteotropic tumor line. Recent experiments carried out by our team, aiming at inhibiting the activity of the ROBO4 receptor, allowed us to consider the ROBO4 receptor as a mediator of MDA-B02 tumor cells anchorage to the bone. Indeed, the use of an anti-ROBO4 antibody considerably reduces the adhesion of the MDA-B02 cells to the MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells in vitro and the anchoring to the bone in vivo. Overexpression of ROBO4 in a murine breast cancer cell model led us to demonstrate the presence of two forms of the ROBO4 protein with antagonistic properties: (i) a glycosylated form detected exclusively in endothelial cells and (ii) one unglycosylated form derived from an alternative transcript and present in high amounts in MDA-B02 tumor cells. The identification of a protein variant of the ROBO4 receptor with different functional and structural properties has allowed us to consider new opportunities in decoding the functions of ROBO4 in the tumor process and could lead to the development of innovative therapies to prevent the formation of metastases in the bone marrow
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François Le Pape. ROBO4 dans les cellules métastatiques du cancer du sein : identification et caractérisation fonctionnelle d’isoformes protéiques. Cancer. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE1269⟩. ⟨tel-01823832⟩

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